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Susceptibility and resilience to the effects of chronic psychosocial stress in adolescence: participation of the neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)

Grant number: 17/06100-8
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: December 01, 2017 - May 31, 2020
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Pharmacology - Neuropsychopharmacology
Principal researcher:Silvana Chiavegatto
Grantee:Silvana Chiavegatto
Home Institution: Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas (ICB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Exposure to traumatic events during the first stages of life can lead to behavioral changes. Teenagers are especially vulnerable to social stressors, significantly influencing brain development. In this period of life, bullying is one of the most frequent social stressors and can lead to the development of psychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety. The social defeat model in mice is a good animal model to study the effects of psychosocial stress, because it reflects the etiology, the phenotypic expression, and the therapeutic response to these disorders. In addition, as observed in humans, not all animals exposed to prolonged social stress are susceptible to the development of anhedonia and social phobia. There is a resistant population to these damaging effects, and these animals are referred to as "resilient". The neurobiology of resilience and susceptibility to chronic stress can elucidate mechanisms involved in depression and anxiety and thus identify new molecules and potential therapeutic targets. The aim of this study is to identify and study adolescent male mice susceptible and resilient to the emotional (anhedonic) effects of social defeat. We chose the neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) as the molecular target to be investigated in these populations. Preliminary results of our lab have suggested changes in nNOS gene expression in the hippocampus of male adolescent mice after psychosocial stress. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
ALVES-DOS-SANTOS, LEONARDO; RESENDE, LETICIA DE SOUZA; CHIAVEGATTO, SILVANA. Susceptibility and resilience to chronic social defeat stress in adolescent male mice: No correlation between social avoidance and sucrose preference. NEUROBIOLOGY OF STRESS, v. 12, MAY 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
GUIMARAES-SOUZA, ELISA MARIA; JOSELEVITCH, CHRISTINA; BRITTO, LUIZ ROBERTO G.; CHIAVEGATTO, SILVANA. Retinal alterations in a pre-clinical model of an autism spectrum disorder. MOLECULAR AUTISM, v. 10, APR 15 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.

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