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Human embryonic stem cells as a model for the study of X chromosome inactivation

Grant number: 08/00058-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2008
Effective date (End): January 31, 2012
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Genetics
Principal Investigator:Lygia da Veiga Pereira
Grantee:Ana Maria Fraga
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

In mammals, the inactivation of the X chromosome promotes dosage compensation between its genes products in males and females. It is established early in pre-implantation female embryos, and it´s characterized by epigenetic changes in the inactive X chromosome. The best experimental tool to study the first step (initiation) in X chromosome inactivation (XCI) is the mouse embryonic stem cells, pluripotent cells obtained from the inner cell mass of the blastocyst. As these cells differentiate in vitro, they inactivate the X chromosome, allowing the study of the molecular mechanisms behind this epigenetical phenomenon. In 1998, the derivation of embryonic stem cells from human blastocysts was first reported, and it opened a unique window not only in therapeutic means but also in the study of human development. As their murine counterpart, the human embryonic stem cells are a powerful experimental model to study the initiation of XCI, as they represent the human embryo with two active X chromosomes, in the pre-implantation stage. This project aims to establish new lines of human embryonic stem cells, and intends to characterize them for further utilization as a model for the study of XCI in humans. (AU)

Matéria(s) publicada(s) na Agência FAPESP sobre a bolsa:
Stem cells undergo chromosomal changes after long periods in culture  

Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
FRAGA, Ana Maria. Início e manutenção da inativação do cromossomo X em células humanas. 2012. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Biociências São Paulo.

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