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In vitro - in vivo correlation of matrix tablets of furosemide complexed with hidroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin: in vitro, in vivo and in silico methods

Grant number: 09/14658-2
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): June 01, 2010
Effective date (End): February 28, 2014
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Pharmacy - Pharmaceutical Technology
Principal researcher:Cristina Helena dos Reis Serra
Grantee:Marina de Freitas Silva
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas (FCF). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The in vitro - in vivo correlation (IVIVC) refers to the establishment of a rational relationship between an in vitro property of a pharmaceutical form (PF) and a biological characteristic or parameters derived from those, produced from the absorption of a drug released from a PF. For the development of an IVIVC, it is necessary three or more formulations, which are evaluated in relation to the dissolution behavior and for bioavailability (BA), calculating by deconvolution, an estimated absorbed fractions. Furosemide, a model drug, is a diuretic used in the treatment of hypertension. This drug is classified as class IV from biopharmaceutical classification system (BCS) (Amidon et al., 1995). The objective of this study was to establish an IVIVC for pharmaceutical forms (PFs) with modified release containing furosemide complexed with hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HP-beta-CD), from dissolution tests and BA studies. The complex of furosemide and HP-beta-CD was obtained by freeze-drying and characterized by thermal analysis, the solubility and the permeability. From the complex were produced five modified release tablet formulations, with different concentrations of hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC) (10-30%). These formulations were subjected to dissolution studies with the apparatus II. From these, three formulations with distinct profiles were selected and subjected to dissolution study with apparatus IV and subsequently to the BA study. From these results, an IVIVC was established and this was evaluated by internal validation. The in silico study was conducted to predict plasma decay curves with employment programs, STELLA® and Simcyp®, from the following data: furosemide solubility, dissolution from the formulations evaluated and pharmacokinetic data obtained from intravenous drug reference. From characterization of the complex, the thermoanalytical tests suggest that furosemide form inclusion complex with HP-beta-CD by freeze-drying technique. It was observed an increased solubility compared to the pure drug. However, permeability results, as assessed by the PAMPA (Parallel artificial membrane permeability), were similar for both furosemide and the complex. As for the dissolution behavior, evaluated with apparatus II and IV, so it was observed that the formulations showed a distintict profile. it was observed that the formulations produced showed different dissolution profiles. The results form BA assays indicated that the HPMC concentration has an important impact on the furosemide absorption. It was obtained a linear correlation from absorption fraction and dissolution data, with the determination coefficient of 0.7662 to apparatus II and 0.96017 from apparatus IV. Internal validation, with the IVIVC obtained from apparatus IV, indicated that the correlation obtained was satisfactory. The in silico study predicted plasma decay curves, showed that under the conditions used, the model developed with STELLA® was more predictive than the model obtained by Simcyp®. (AU)

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