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Pequi's agro-extractive and soy's expansion in the cerrado: spatial study of microregions Porto Franco-MA and Jalapão-TO, Brazil

Grant number: 11/05336-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2011
Effective date (End): May 31, 2013
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Geography - Regional Geography
Principal Investigator:Vicente Eudes Lemos Alves
Grantee:Rodrigo Meiners Mandujano
Home Institution: Instituto de Geociências (IG). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The Cerrado is the second largest biome in extension of Brazil, with 2,039,386 km2 which represents 21% of the territory of the country, and is also considered the Tropical Savanna more diverse of the world. However, this biome has only 2.2% of their legally protected area and suffers with the processes of agricultural expansion. The main objective of this research is to analyze the networks of production, marketing and defense organizations of the biome between pequi agroextractivism and social actors in the context of the agricultural frontier expansion of agribusiness of soy in the regions of Porto-Franco-MA and Jalapão- TO. In first instance we will do the theoretical context of the work based on agrarian geography, the concepts of agrarian space, network organizations, socio-territorial conflicts, and the themes of family farming, extractivism, multifunctionality of agriculture and agricultural sustainability. Data statistics will be acquired through the available databases on national and international institutions. We will do three research visits on field in the regions to be studied, with the goal of applying semi-structured questionnaires to agroextractivist organizations. The production and marketing of the producer organizations of pequi will be characterized the territorial extent, distribution and sale of their products with methods of GIS and support of GPS for the cases of information collected in the field. The knowledge and experience gained will be the basis for future comparisons with Mexico, country of where the applicant is natural. Key - words: extractivism; agricultural frontier; agrarian geography, Geographic Information Systems. (AU)

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