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Isolation, characterization and chromosomal mapping of repeated DNA sequences in Abracris flavolineata (Acrididae, Ommatolampinae), with enphasis in the B chromosome analysis

Grant number: 11/18028-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2011
Effective date (End): October 31, 2013
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Genetics - Animal Genetics
Principal researcher:Diogo Cavalcanti Cabral de Mello
Grantee:Danilo Bueno
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IB). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Rio Claro. Rio Claro , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The repeated DNAs comprise a large fraction of eukaryotic genomes and are organized in distinct groups, primarily satellite DNAs, microsatellites, minissatellites, transposable elements (transposons and retrotransposons) and multigene families. These sequences have been useful in chromosomal analyses focused in studies of karyotypic diversification, structure and evolution of genomes and analyses of origin and diversification of sex and supernumerary chromosomes. The grasshoppers of the family Acrididae comprise the group with the highest diversity of Orthoptera order, being the subfamily Ommatolampinae represented by about 100 genera and 280 species. Chromosomal and genomic analyses focusing in repeated DNAs in this group are scarce, and in general restricted to the mapping of 18S ribosomal DNA. Other repetitive sequences, such as satellite DNAs, histone genes and 5S ribosomal DNA were performed only in European Acrididade species. In the present work it will be isolated and characterized repeated DNA elements, such multigene families and transposable elements in the species Abracris flavolineata, species that harbor a B chromosome. These analyses will allow a deep knowledge related to the genomic structure and evolutionary mechanism that act in the diversification of karyotypes and supernumerary chromosomes in grasshoppers. Moreover, the isolated sequences will be useful in future analyses using cytogenetic mapping in related species, contributing with the understanding of chromosomal/genomic diversification in neotropical Acridids. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BUENO, DANILO; PALACIOS-GIMENEZ, OCTAVIO MANUEL; ANDREA MARTI, DARDO; MARIGUELA, TATIANE CASAGRANDE; CABRAL-DE-MELLO, DIOGO CAVALCANTI. The 5S rDNA in two Abracris grasshoppers (Ommatolampidinae: Acrididae): molecular and chromosomal organization. Molecular Genetics and Genomics, v. 291, n. 4, p. 1607-1613, AUG 2016. Web of Science Citations: 2.
BUENO, DANILO; PALACIOS-GIMENEZ, OCTAVIO MANUEL; CABRAL-DE-MELLO, DIOGO CAVALCANTI. Chromosomal Mapping of Repetitive DNAs in the Grasshopper Abracris flavolineata Reveal Possible Ancestry of the B Chromosome and H3 Histone Spreading. PLoS One, v. 8, n. 6 JUN 27 2013. Web of Science Citations: 55.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.