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Effect of the short chain fatty acid butyrate in the modulation of the metabolic profile and of the intestinal inflammatory process in diet-induced obese mice.

Grant number: 11/19247-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2012
Effective date (End): December 31, 2013
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Immunology - Cellular Immunology
Principal researcher:Niels Olsen Saraiva Câmara
Grantee:Andréa Moro Caricilli Blotta
Home Institution: Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas (ICB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):13/23053-2 - The role of PKR in the interaction between gut microbiota and intestinal barrier on host's metabolic responses, BE.EP.PD

Abstract

Studies have shown that intestinal microbiota is involved in metabolic endotoxemia-induced by high-fat diet, in adipose tissue inflammation, in the generation of oxidative stress and consequently in the development of metabolic disorders. It has been suggested that the modulation of intestinal microbiota by the use of prebiotics in obese mice can act favorably on the intestinal barrier, with beneficial consequences for associated metabolic disorders. The short-chain fatty acids, products of bacterial fermentation, as for example, butyrate, have been considered a trophic factor for the intestinal mucosa, mainly through the reduction of intestinal permeability by modulating the expression of cell junction proteins, such as ocludinas, claudin and ZO-1. However, these effects were not demonstrated in vivo and little is known about the molecular mechanisms involved in the improvements in metabolic parameters and in inflammatory response promoted by butyrate. Thus, this work aims to study the effect of butyrate on permeability and intestinal and systemic immune response, as well as modification and metabolic profile of mice fed high-fat diet.

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