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Genetic and physiological aspects of oxidative profile in sleep and well-succeed aging

Grant number: 11/18976-9
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
Effective date (Start): January 01, 2012
Effective date (End): March 31, 2013
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Medicine - Medical Clinics
Principal researcher:Sergio Tufik
Grantee:Diego Robles Mazzotti
Home Institution: Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus São Paulo. São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:98/14303-3 - Center for Sleep Studies, AP.CEPID

Abstract

In the last decades, the increase in life expectancy highlights the world population aging as an irreversible process. The oxidative stress hypothesis of aging suggests that accumulation of oxidative damage during lifespan may be related to loss of cellular functions, a process normally associated with senescence. However, it has been proposed that individuals who live longer in a successful manner tend to be more adapted against aging physiological changes. Sleep is essential in maintaining health and well-being. Growing evidence suggests interrelationships between oxidative stress and sleep, while the latter is an important mechanism involved in redox balance maintenance. Therefore, the present study proposes the characterization of sleep patterns of healthy young adults, elderly individuals and individuals above 85 years old, using polysomnographic recordings, in order to clarify the importance of sleep in longevity. Furthermore, this study intends to analyze the oxidative stress-related gene expression in peripheral blood of the three studied groups, using the Superarray - RT2 Profiler PCR Array System. After the identification of genes whose expression pattern among groups suggest a more specific role in longevity, the mechanisms of gene expression regulation, including DNA methylation patterns and microRNA expression, as well as the possible genomic sources of variation in these genes will be investigated. In addition, the oldest individual (105 years-old) will have his whole genome sequenced using next-generation sequencing technology, in order to identify rare variants associated with longevity. Subsequently, the effect of the polymorphisms and rare variants identified will be confirmed in an expanded sample constituted of individuals with various age-ranges. The study will provide a better characterization of molecular and physiological mechanisms involved in longevity, hoping to contribute to the development of more advanced clinical tools, capable to offer a better quality of life for the elderly. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
MAZZOTTI, DIEGO ROBLES; GUINDALINI, CAMILA; DOS SANTOS MORAES, WALTER ANDRE; ANDERSEN, MONICA LEVY; CENDOROGLO, MAYSA SEABRA; RAMOS, LUIZ ROBERTO; TUFIK, SERGIO. Human longevity is associated with regular sleep patterns, maintenance of slow wave sleep, and favorable lipid profile. FRONTIERS IN AGING NEUROSCIENCE, v. 6, JUN 24 2014. Web of Science Citations: 18.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.