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Survey the collection of bats and assessment of vaccination status of cats in the areas of focus lock of rabies in the urban area of Botucatu-SP in a period of five years

Grant number: 11/20235-7
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): January 01, 2012
Effective date (End): December 31, 2012
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Veterinary Medicine - Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Principal researcher:Cassiano Victória
Grantee:Vanessa Moreira de Carvalho
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia (FMVZ). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Botucatu. Botucatu , SP, Brazil


Rabies is a viral disease with great epidemiological importance, being a zoonosis of major importance in public health due to its high fatality rate (close to 100%) both in animals and in humans. Has a high social and financial cost, due to the treatment of victims and maintenance of control measures. Transmission occurs through contact with saliva of infected animals, has two biological cycles highlighted as transmitters of the disease: the urban cycle involving dogs and cats and is the main source of contamination of humans and Air Cycle, caused by variant of viruses from bats. Prophylaxis with greater effectiveness in controlling the disease is rabies vaccination in dogs and cats, but the problem of this method is the low vaccination coverage in domestic felines, due to the lifestyle of these animals, giving them potential for transmitting rabies human contact since the beast-men has been narrowing over the years. This study aims to assess the situation of the risk of transmission of rabies in cats taking into account the incidence of rabies-positive bats and the percentage of coverage in cats in the areas of focus lock in Botucatu-SP, through a retrospective study from 2005 to 2009. Will be used for analysis of the reports focus lock provided by Team Environmental Health Surveillance (VAS) of the Municipality of Botucatu. (AU)

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