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The composition of the literary genre parable in Friedrich Nietzsche's intertextual discourse

Grant number: 11/08383-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2012
Effective date (End): February 28, 2013
Field of knowledge:Linguistics, Literature and Arts - Linguistics - Linguistic Theory and Analysis
Principal Investigator:Marco Antônio Domingues Sant'Anna
Grantee:Rafael Miranda Porto Alegre
Host Institution: Faculdade de Ciências e Letras (FCL-ASSIS). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Assis. Assis , SP, Brazil


This project aims the study of two texts from Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) "Aforismo 125", present in the book "A Gaia Ciência" (1881), and "A árvore da montanha", from the book "Assim falou Zaratustra" (1884). Overall, this project aims to define in which way the constitution of these narratives uses the specifics properties of the parable, which would have established itself as a literary manifestation from the biblical New Testament. This analysis will be developed based on publications about the gender discourse in question and about the theoretical and methodological concept regarding intertextuality, guided by Textual Linguistics. We intend to demonstrate how this Nietzschean narrative holds a thematical convergence with each other, supported by the instance of the intersection of the proclamation of the "God's death" and the idea of "Superman", which are the common thread between the two texts. We also intend to demonstrate how this analysis narrative has a relationship with the formal intertextuality with the structural and functional features of the genre of the parable. Therefore, our studies aim to determine how the texts from Nietzsche employ in its discursive construction elements and principles of internal organization that can be read in accordance with the horizontal expectations that is the tradition of the genre, such as the handling communication strategy of the generic conventions in theses philosophical and literally productions. Hopefully, this proposal, contribute to extending the existing literature on the literary genre of the parable, whose studies in Brazil are very scarce, being restricted in most cases to translations of foreign works. Thus, we intend to contribute to a more authentic and consistent vision of Nietzsche's work and its intertextual relationship with the traditional manifestations of the parable genre, especially the ones in the New Testament.(AU)

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