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INFLUENCE OF MANAGEMENT OF THE ROAD ARBORIZATION ON URBAN THERMAL COMFORT: STUDY IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD NOVA PIRACICABA-PIRACICABA, SP

Grant number: 12/00455-5
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2012
Effective date (End): June 30, 2014
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Architecture and Town Planning - Architecture and Urbanism Technology
Principal researcher:Lucila Chebel Labaki
Grantee:Giuliana Del Nero Velasco
Home Institution: Faculdade de Engenharia Civil, Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FEC). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The arborization of streets and avenues in cities, most often, is carried out after the implementation of all other urban services such as streets, streetlights, signs, sidewalks and electrical wiring, but without being included in the initial planning of the neighborhood . This fact results in a sequence of problems, dissatisfaction of the population and a lack of possible benefits which can be provided by urban trees, as for instance thermal comfort in open spaces, which greatly contributes to the quality of life. The influence of vegetaion on thermal comfort in open spaces has been widely studied, but there are still gaps in these studies in relation to street arborization, especially taking into account the differences in management. So the study of thermal comfort in different situations of management of road arborization in a city becomes an important tool to support public policies aimed at the quality of urban spaces and to establishing guidelines on the management of this vegetation. The objective of this project is to analyze the thermal comfort provided by the trees of the neighborhood of Nova Piracicaba-Piracicaba/SP, in three different management situations, such as drastic pruning, pruning in V and trees free of wiring and pruning. The proposed methods aim to obtain the PET - Physiological Equivalent Temperature, through measurements of environmental parameters and evaluation of the parameters of the individual - metabolic rate and thermal resistance of clothing, with questionnaires applied to passers-by in these pathways, related to thermal sensation and preference. The expectationa with the results are to provide public agencies an indicative proper management of tree planting, taking into account the quality of vegetation and thermal comfort.