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The recovery of avian ecosystem functions in secondary Atlantic Forest

Grant number: 12/06866-7
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2012
Effective date (End): January 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Ecology
Principal Investigator:Jean Paul Walter Metzger
Grantee:Greet de Coster
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):14/14746-7 - Avian ecosystem functions under a climate change scenario, BE.EP.PD

Abstract

The Brazilian Atlantic Forest is characterized by a tremendous biodiversity and provides vital ecosystem functions to more than half Brazil's population. Despite its great value, this forest is severely threatened with only about 11-16% of its original cover remaining. Several large-scale restoration initiatives are now being undertaken, but the scientific basis to fully exploit the potential of secondary forests in restoring biodiversity and ecosystem functioning is still largely lacking. One of the major gaps in our knowledge is the response of animals to Atlantic Forest regeneration. Studying birds seems particularly needed because of the diverse range of ecosystem functions that this taxon executes (e.g. seed dispersal and pollination agent), their mobility and ubiquity, which is why their presence is critical for plant colonization and regeneration. Despite the fact that effects of habitat loss and fragmentation on bird biodiversity have been studied quite intensively, our understanding of bird community recovery after Atlantic Forest regeneration as well as its consequences for ecosystem functioning is still limited. In this project, we will investigate how the recovery of ecosystem functions executed by birds occurs in secondary Atlantic Forest. The following specific research questions will be addressed: (i) How do avian ecosystem functions vary with spatial characteristics such as fragment size and connectivity, the proximity of continuous forest and the forest cover in the surrounding landscape? (ii) How are these functions affected by secondary forest age? (iii) To what extent does their recovery during secondary succession occur in a similar way as their degradation during forest fragmentation?

Scientific publications (4)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
ULRICH, WERNER; BANKS-LEITE, CRISTINA; DE COSTER, GREET; HABEL, JAN CHRISTIAN; MATHEVE, HANS; NEWMARK, WILLIAM D.; TOBIAS, JOSEPH A.; LENS, LUC. Environmentally and behaviourally mediated co-occurrence of functional traits in bird communities of tropical forest fragments. OIKOS, v. 127, n. 2, p. 274-284, FEB 2018. Web of Science Citations: 7.
LIBRAN-EMBID, FELIPE; DE COSTER, GREET; METZGER, JEAN PAUL. Effects of bird and bat exclusion on coffee pest control at multiple spatial scales. LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY, v. 32, n. 9, p. 1907-1920, SEP 2017. Web of Science Citations: 9.
ALMEIDA-GOMES, MAURICIO; VIEIRA, MARCUS VINICIUS; DUARTE ROCHA, CARLOS FREDERICO; METZGER, JEAN PAUL; DE COSTER, GREET. Patch size matters for amphibians in tropical fragmented landscapes. Biological Conservation, v. 195, p. 89-96, MAR 2016. Web of Science Citations: 9.
DE COSTER, GREET; BANKS-LEITE, CRISTINA; METZGER, JEAN PAUL. Atlantic forest bird communities provide different but not fewer functions after habitat loss. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, v. 282, n. 1811 JUL 22 2015. Web of Science Citations: 20.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.