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Understanding restored forests for benefiting people and nature - NewFor

Grant number: 18/18416-2
Support type:Research Projects - Thematic Grants
Duration: August 01, 2019 - July 31, 2023
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Forestry Resources and Forestry Engineering
Cooperation agreement: Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO)
Principal Investigator:Pedro Henrique Santin Brancalion
Grantee:Pedro Henrique Santin Brancalion
Principal investigator abroad: Franciscus Johannes Jozef Maria Bongers
Institution abroad: Wageningen University & Research, Netherlands
Home Institution: Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil
Co-Principal Investigators:Lourens Poorter ; Marielos Peña Claros ; Paulo Guilherme Molin ; Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues
Assoc. researchers: ana catarina conte jakovac ; Carl Salk ; Carla Morsello ; Carlos Alberto Silva ; Danilo Roberti Alves de Almeida ; Debora Cristina Rother ; Eben North Broadbent ; Edson José Vidal da Silva ; Edson Luis Santiami ; Gerd Sparovek ; Hans ter Steege ; Jean Paul Walter Metzger ; Joannes Guillemot ; Leandro Reverberi Tambosi ; Ludmila Pugliese de Siqueira ; Marisa de Cassia Piccolo ; Miguel Cooper ; Natalia Macedo Ivanauskas ; Rafael Barreiro Chaves ; Renato Augusto Ferreira de Lima ; Renato Crouzeilles Pereira Rocha ; Ricardo Augusto Gorne Viani ; Ricardo Gomes César ; Robin Lee Chazdon ; Silvio Frosini de Barros Ferraz ; Simone Aparecida Vieira ; Victoria Gutierrez ; Vinicius Castro Souza

Abstract

Restoration methods, policies, and supportive market and legal instruments have been developed to promote large-scale restoration in the Atlantic Forest region. To shift the scale of restoration from few thousands to millions of hectares a novel approach is needed. This project aims to explore the potential of restored forests for benefiting people and nature in the Atlantic Forest hotspot. We consider here all new forests, encompassing young restoration plantations, natural regeneration, and agroforests, but not commercial monoculture tree plantations. We evaluate how upscaling from plot-based inventories to large-scale planning and design is possible, taking into account ecological functions, forest services and human perceptions. By using a 5-objectives stepwise approach, we will 1) determine the attributes of new forests and their drivers of regeneration and deforestation across main ecoregions of São Paulo state, 2) assess the aboveground diversity and structure of new forests, 3) evaluate key forest functions based on functional traits, which allows to 4) predict new forests' potential contributions to ecosystem services provisioning, through biodiversity conservation, climate change mitigation, watershed services, agricultural production, and forest goods supply; and 5) develop novel policies and market instruments to foster and stimulate new forests in the era of ambitious restoration commitments and societal demands for ecosystem services. We combine field based evaluations of new forest's structure, diversity and functions with recent technological advances based on the use of high-resolution satellite images, powerful algorithms to explore land use dynamics, participatory science, drones with Lidar detection and ranging and hyperspectral sensors to study, map, project and manage new forests. In close collaboration with farmers, regional NGOs, companies, and government our research project will be able to translate fundamental knowledge on the structure, function and potential services of new forests to information needed by a large diversity of stakeholders, including farmers, companies and policy makers. This information will both support guidelines for effective and goal-oriented forest restoration, and provide alternative landscape developments, based on well understood synergies and trade-offs between the various landscape functions, and thereby promote a sustainable future of the Atlantic Forest region. (AU)

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