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Spatial ecology of wild canids in a silvicultural landscape on State of São Paulo

Grant number: 11/22910-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2012
Effective date (End): March 16, 2017
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Ecology
Principal Investigator:Plínio Barbosa de Camargo
Grantee:Thaís Rovere Diniz Reis
Home Institution: Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (CENA). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:06/60954-4 - Socio-environmental changes in the state of São Paulo and perspectives for conservation, AP.BTA.TEM
Associated scholarship(s):15/15110-1 - The Maned Wolf's food web in agricultural landscape revealed by stable isotopes, BE.EP.DR

Abstract

Among the transformation of native areas in landscapes mainly formed by large commercial exotic monocultures, a drastic reduction of natural environments occurred leading to extinction of several wild species. Despite this fact, a considerable number of species still survives in these new landscapes. Information of how animals inhabits these areas is still scarce, mainly of how they use these exotic matrices, i.e., if they only go through matrix to move between native fragments or if they also use it as habitat. It´s known, however, that its conservation depends on the correct management of these areas, what must incorporate commercial components as well as biodiversity conservation. Considering the time and resources scarcity for ecological studies to design those management plans, it is necessary to select key-species, as wild canids (Order Carnivora), and areas with representative historical land-use, as Angatuba (SP), which represents the spatio-historical land exploration of the state of São Paulo. Therefore, this thesis aim to analyze patterns in use of space by three species of wild canids in a silvicultural landscape in São Paulo. It is going to be used radiotelemetry, for calculation of home ranges and spacio-temporal movements in the various environments of these landscape, and isotopic analyses of predators' tissues, to diet reconstruction historically identifying consumption of prey from different environments in agricultural landscape.