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CLIMATE CHARACTERIZATION AND IMPACT OF CLIMA CHANGE ON VITICULTURE IN THE "POLO TURISTICO DO CIRCUITO DAS FRUTAS" REGION, SÃO PAULO STATE, BRAZIL

Grant number: 12/12781-4
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2012
Effective date (End): January 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Agronomy - Agricultural Meteorology
Principal Investigator:Mario Jose Pedro Junior
Grantee:Ludmila Bardin Camparotto
Host Institution: Instituto Agronômico (IAC). Agência Paulista de Tecnologia dos Agronegócios (APTA). Secretaria de Agricultura e Abastecimento (São Paulo - Estado). Campinas , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The "Polo Turístico do Circuito das Frutas" region is reference in fruit production for the São Paulo State, Brazil. This region is mainly focused on the rural and wine tourism. Among the fruit in the region, grapevine is the most important to the fruit market and to wine production. The climate is one of the main factors that directly and indirectly affect the physiology, growth and phenology of the grapevine, determining areas of greater or lesser potential for its production. However, for this region there is not a detailed study of its climate and its grapevine yield potential. Considering one of the most studied and debated topics today, global climate change, the greatest concern in relation to their impact on viticulture, is given to possible changes in vine phenology, changes in the quality of grapes and wine, the incidence of pests and diseases and changes in traditional growing regions. In this context, the project aims to characterize climate and define potential areas for grapevine production in the "Circuito das Frutas" region using bioclimatic indexes. In addition, analyze warming trends in the series of climatological data in the region and future projections of warming, to support government actions to better assist the grower in making decisions on a possible new scenario in this region.

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