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Study of the physicochemical characteristics of textile vegetal fibers from Malvaceae family

Grant number: 12/05784-7
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2012
Effective date (End): February 28, 2014
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Chemical Engineering - Chemical Technology
Principal Investigator:Júlia Baruque Ramos
Grantee:Bárbara Maria Gama Guimarães
Home Institution: Escola de Artes, Ciências e Humanidades (EACH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):12/23529-4 - BEPE project - associated to FAPESP master Fellowship (process 2012/05784-7): study of the physicochemical characteristics of textile vegetal fibers from Malvaceae family, BE.EP.MS

Abstract

This project focuses on the physicochemical characterization of vegetal species from Malvaceae family and the study of the properties of these fibers. Vegetal fibers can be used not only for fabric, but also for the production of yarns, ropes, nonwovens, composites substituting that ones manufactured from wood or synthetic materials. Brazil has great potential regarding to the variety of natural fibers and their study can aid the development, not only from textile industry but also the country's economic development. The research will consist of physicochemical characterization of 06 vegetal species already collected, from Malvaceae family: Sida cordifolia L, Sida carpinifolia L. f.; Sida rhombifolia L; Sidastrum paniculatum (L.) Fryxell; Wissadula subpeltata (Kuntze) R. E. Fries and Malvastrum coromandelianum (L.) Gurck, which will be subjected to physical tests of elongation, elasticity and resistance held in tester machine; determining the moisture content and regain, fiber density determination, chemical combustion tests, determination of aqueous extract pH, the effects of organic solvents, alkalis, acids, and the determination of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin contents. This research will lead to acquisition of knowledge about our flora and their employability, enabling new publications and patents about application of these fibers.

Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
GUIMARÃES, Bárbara Maria Gama. Study of physicochemical characteristics of textile vegetal fibers from Malvaceae species.. 2014. Master's Dissertation - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola de Artes, Ciências e Humanidades São Paulo.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.