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Fractions of organic nitrogen and relations with the potentially mineralizable nitrogen of soils

Grant number: 12/09732-1
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): August 02, 2012
Effective date (End): May 01, 2013
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Agronomy - Soil Science
Principal Investigator:Mara Cristina Pessôa da Cruz
Grantee:Fernando Kuhnen
Supervisor: Richard L. Mulvaney
Host Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias (FCAV). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Jaboticabal. Jaboticabal , SP, Brazil
Research place: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, United States  
Associated to the scholarship:10/10420-9 - Determination of nitrogen mineralization rate of soil and organic manure under laboratory and field conditions, BP.DR

Abstract

From the knowledge of the forms of nitrogen in soils and their transformations is possible to evaluate the contribution of organic forms for the N available to plants. It is intended, with this project, to assess the forms of organic N in soils and correlate it with the potentially mineralizable nitrogen (N0) and the amounts of N accumulated in maize plants. The fractions of N will be determined in seventeen soils (Oxisols and Ultisols) by the quantification of N released from organic compounds during acid hydrolysis and separated into five fractions: N-total hydrolyzable, N-NH4+ hydrolysable, N-amino acids, N-amino sugars and N-unidentified. The fractions obtained in 17 soils will be correlated with potentially mineralizable nitrogen of soil (N0) obtained in incubation experiments in the laboratory, long term, in variable temperatures (10/14h 23/28oC, 18/23oC 10/14h and 28oC) and N uptake by corn plants in a greenhouse experiment, using the same 17 soils. With these results it is expected to determine which nitrogen´s tanks of most contributes to the supply to nitrogen from plants, and methods offer simple and fast extraction. (AU)

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