This doctoral project, included in the Graduate Program in Social History (USP), focuses on the history of the Makonde ethnic group of Mozambique (Southern Africa) and its trajectory between the 20th and 21st centuries. This research highlights the perspective of resistance and the fight against colonialism of this group as well as its participation in the progress to independence. The project aims to understand the resonance of historical movements in the constitution of Makonde identity and the way it is expressed in artistic and cultural events, and extrapolated to form a national identity. It is intended to develop a historical narrative of the Makonde of Mozambique which contemplates the analysis of identity construction of the group from the ethnic and national points of view as well as the complex interplay of relations between these on the basis of documents and publications of the colonial period: in particular those produced by colonial administrators, officials of the colonial administration, members of FRELIMO, ethnologists and anthropologists; key informants: Reinata Sadimba, Matias Ntundo (both artists and members of FRELIMO in the liberation struggle in Mozambique), ex-combatants of FRELIMO involved with the organization and execution of the mapiko dance in Maputo, organizers of the National Festival of Mozambican Culture; and finally, their own artistic expression and production.
News published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the scholarship: