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Montenegro test for the identification of cats naturally infected by Leishmania chagasi in endemic area for the disease

Grant number: 12/13923-7
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2012
Effective date (End): September 30, 2013
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Veterinary Medicine - Animal Clinics and Surgery
Principal researcher:Mary Marcondes
Grantee:Jaqueline dos Santos Azevedo
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária (FMVA). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Araçatuba. Araçatuba , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Although the dog is considered the main reservoir of visceral leishmaniasis in the domestic environment, there is a growing number of reports of cats naturally affected by the disease. The diagnosis of disease in cats is difficult since many cats, even with symptoms of the disease, do not develop antibodies. Thus, the aim of this study is to monitor 150 cats living in an endemic area for visceral leishmaniasis, by parasitological examination of lymph nodes and bone marrow, serology by ELISA and IFAT, whole blood and bone marrow PCR and Montenegro skin test (IDR), to verify whether the IDR can be used as a tool for the disease diagnosis in this animal species. (AU)

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