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Association between meteorological variables, climate index, socioeconomic factors and mortality from circulatory system diseases (stroke and pulmonary embolism) in São Paulo - SP

Grant number: 12/15085-9
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2012
Effective date (End): October 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Geography
Principal Investigator:Ligia Vizeu Barrozo
Grantee:Priscilla Venâncio Ikefuti
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):14/01932-7 - Association between meteorological variables, climate index, socioeconomic factors and mortality from circulatory system diseases (stroke and pulmonary embolism) in São Paulo - SP, BE.EP.DR

Abstract

As consequence of the epidemiological transition in Brazil, chronic diseases started to be responsible by the greater number of deaths among men and women. Some components of the geographic context (e.g., local climate and socioeconomic factors) seem to influence mortality from circulatory disease as stroke and pulmonary embolism. This influence is not consensus yet in the literature, setting up a discussion with important gaps to be filled. The meteorological variables such as temperature, precipitation and relative humidity play prominent influence on many diseases. Socioeconomic factors of the population are strongly associated with mortality. Thus, the main objective of this project is to investigate the influence of geographic context (meteorological variables, climatic índex and socioeconomic factors) in mortality from circulatory diseases (stroke and pulmonar embolism) in São Paulo in the period 2002 to 2011. The data to be used in this study are the daily deaths from stroke and pulmonary embolism obtained in PRO-AIM, the atmospheric variables, minimum, mean and maximum temperatures, humidity and atmospheric pressure, on the daily scale from the weather station of the IAG, the climatic índex ENSO in the monthly scale of the CDC/NOOAA and socioeconomic data from the National Census of 2000 and 2010 (IBGE). To analyze the influence of meteorological variables and socioeconomic factors in stroke and pulmonary embolism mortalities, correlations and linear regressions will be calculated. Thus, we intend to contribute to the advance of knowledge with possible applications for the development of warning systems or to expect more cases on the basis of meteorological changes on certain days of the year. Regard to the association with socioeconomic factors, it can guide public policies and health campaigns for the most vulnerable populations. (AU)

Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
IKEFUTI, Priscilla Venâncio. Association between meteorological variables, climatic index, socioeconomic factors and mortality from cardiovascular diseases (stroke and pulmonary embolism) in São Paulo - SP. 2016. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas São Paulo.

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