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Functional characterization of mitochondrial peroxiredoxin (Prx1p) in the redox physiology of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae

Grant number: 13/04240-6
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): June 01, 2013
Effective date (End): June 30, 2016
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Biochemistry
Principal Investigator:Luis Eduardo Soares Netto
Grantee:Fernando Gomes
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Thiol-dependent peroxidases, as peroxiredoxins, play a role in the response of oxidative stress due to reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation. There are five isoforms of peroxiredoxins in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, localized in different cellular compartments. Prx1p is a mitochondrial isoform and plays an important role in the elimination of hydrogen peroxide produced during the electrons transport chain in mitochondria. As mitochondria is the major intracellular ROS producer, much interest has arising regarding Prx1p. Thereat, this project aims to expand the knowledge about this enzyme, seeking to determine its localization in differents submitochondrial compartments, as well as its involvement in mitochondrial redox processes regulation. Recent studies have shown that mitochondrial ROS act directly in autophagy regulation, a highly conserved process involved in cellular components recycling. This process has gained prominence as indicator of proteins and organelles quality. As Prx1p acts in mitochondrial ROS metabolism, we seek to evaluate its possible role in autophagic response regulation. Since there is also a mitochondrial peroxiredoxin system in mammals, this study may have relevance in the understanding of autophagy regulation in these organisms.

Matéria(s) publicada(s) na Agência FAPESP sobre a bolsa:
Study helps understand functioning of anti-oxidant enzyme 

Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
GOMES, Fernando. Functional characterization of mitochondrial peroxiredoxin (Prx1) in the redox physiology of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. 2016. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Biociências São Paulo.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.