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IMPORTANCE OF THE CORTICAL MOTOR NETWORK IN HUMAN MOVEMENT PERCEPTION

Grant number: 12/24696-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2013
Effective date (End): December 29, 2016
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Psychology - Physiological Psychology
Principal researcher:Paulo Sérgio Boggio
Grantee:Olivia Morgan Lapenta
Home Institution: Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde (CCBS). Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie (UPM). Instituto Presbiteriano Mackenzie. São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Action recognition is fundamental to comprehend other`s attitudes and for social behavior. The processing of observed actions seems a product of sensorial and motor modules by transposing the observed movement to the observer own motor repertoire. Previous findings show premotor (PMC) and primary motor (M1) cortices activity during observation of human movements. It is suggested that motor activation has an important role in the perception and recognition of the observed movements and that this process is mediated by the Mirror-Neuron System. The observer motor network activation is independent of pictorial information, thus some studies where done using point light movement simulation the human form as stimuli. However, the specific role of the motor cortical network in action perception remains unclear. Therefore, we aim to evaluate cortical excitability changes due to human biological movement perception and also the possible physiological (i.e., cortical excitability in M1) and behavioral (i.e., perception of biological movement) interferences of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over M1 and PMC. Thereby it will be possible to evaluate the role of motor cortical network in movement perception and also, if there is a possibility to interfere in these abilities using non-invasive brain stimulation. Therefore, we propose three experiments, the first to evaluate biological movement observation effect in motor cortical excitability; the second to evaluate the combination of biological movement observation with tDCS over M1 or PMC effects in motor cortical excitability; and the third to evaluate if there is modulation of biological movement identification during tDCS over M1 or PMC.

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Scientific publications (8)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
LAPENTA, OLIVIA M.; FERRARI, ELISABETTA; BOGGIO, PAULO S.; FADIGA, LUCIANO; D'AUSILIO, ALESSANDRO. Motor system recruitment during action observation: No correlation between murhythm desynchronization and corticospinal excitability. PLoS One, v. 13, n. 11 NOV 15 2018. Web of Science Citations: 3.
LAPENTA, OLIVIA MORGAN; XAVIER, ANA PAULA; CORREA, SONIA CAVALCANTI; BOGGIO, PAULO SERGIO. Human biological and nonbiological point-light movements: Creation and validation of the dataset. BEHAVIOR RESEARCH METHODS, v. 49, n. 6, p. 2083-2092, DEC 2017. Web of Science Citations: 0.
MARQUES, LUCAS MURRINS; LAPENTA, OLIVIA MORGAN; COSTA, THIAGO LEIROS; BOGGIO, PAULO SERGIO. Multisensory integration processes underlying speech perception as revealed by the McGurk illusion. LANGUAGE COGNITION AND NEUROSCIENCE, v. 31, n. 9, p. 1115-1129, 2016. Web of Science Citations: 1.
COSTA, THIAGO L.; LAPENTA, OLIVIA M.; BOGGIO, PAULO S.; VENTURA, DORA F. Transcranial direct current stimulation as a tool in the study of sensory-perceptual processing. ATTENTION PERCEPTION & PSYCHOPHYSICS, v. 77, n. 6, p. 1813-1840, AUG 2015. Web of Science Citations: 16.
REGO, GABRIEL G.; LAPENTA, OLIVIA M.; MARQUES, LUCAS M.; COSTA, THIAGO L.; LEITE, JORGE; CARVALHO, SANDRA; GONCALVES, OSCAR F.; BRUNONI, ANDRE R.; FREGNI, FELIPE; BOGGIO, PAULO S. Hemispheric dorsolateral prefrontal cortex lateralization in the regulation of empathy for pain. Neuroscience Letters, v. 594, p. 12-16, MAY 6 2015. Web of Science Citations: 17.
LAPENTA, OLIVIA MORGAN; DI SIERVE, KARINA; DE MACEDO, ELIZEU COUTINHO; FREGNI, FELIPE; BOGGIO, PAULO SERGIO. Transcranial direct current stimulation modulates ERP-indexed inhibitory control and reduces food consumption. APPETITE, v. 83, p. 42-48, DEC 1 2014. Web of Science Citations: 56.
MARQUES, LUCAS MURRINS; LAPENTA, OLIVIA MORGAN; MERABET, LOTFI B.; BOLOGNINI, NADIA; BOGGIO, PAULO SERGIO. Tuning and disrupting the brain-modulating the McGurk illusion with electrical stimulation. FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE, v. 8, AUG 4 2014. Web of Science Citations: 0.
OLIVIA M. LAPENTA; CLAUDIA A. VALASEK; ANDRÉ R. BRUNONI; PAULO S. BOGGIO. An ethical discussion of the use of transcranial direct current stimulation for cognitive enhancement in healthy individuals: a fictional case study. Psychology & Neuroscience, v. 7, n. 2, p. 175-180, Jun. 2014.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.