|Support type:||Scholarships in Brazil - Master|
|Effective date (Start):||June 01, 2013|
|Effective date (End):||December 31, 2014|
|Field of knowledge:||Engineering - Mechanical Engineering - Thermal Engineering|
|Principal researcher:||José Roberto Simões Moreira|
|Grantee:||Julia da Rosa Howat Rodrigues|
|Home Institution:||Escola Politécnica (EP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil|
According to the Brazilian Atlas of Solar Energy, despite the different climatic characteristics observed in Brazil, the annual mean value of global solar irradiation has satisfactory uniformity and high levels throughout the country. The values of this parameter in any region of Brazil (4200-6700 Wh/m2) are higher than those observed in most of European Union countries, such as Germany (900-1250 Wh/m2), France (900-1650 Wh/m2) and Spain (1200-1850 Wh/m2), where projects of solar energy application, some of them relying on strong government incentives, are widespread.Much of the scientific advances made in the studies of solar energy applications are due to the use of compact solar simulators in long term experiments. By replacing the Sun by artificial sources, such as arc lamps with radiation emission similar to the Sun, simulators avoid the dependence on natural conditions such as the weather, the sunlight intermittence and the directional change of the solar radiation.The target of this Master's thesis is to study the operation principle of existing solar simulators and to propose the design of a new simulator to be built at the Escola Politécnica - USP in order to facilitate studies in this sector.