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Numerical analysis of the fluid-structure interaction in the steady flow through a radial diffuser

Grant number: 13/04353-5
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2013
Effective date (End): November 30, 2015
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Mechanical Engineering - Thermal Engineering
Principal Investigator:José Luiz Gasche
Grantee:Gabriel Bertacco dos Santos
Host Institution: Faculdade de Engenharia (FEIS). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Ilha Solteira. Ilha Solteira , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Hermetic reciprocating compressors are widely used in small and medium-size vapor compression refrigeration systems. One of the main parts of this type of compressor is the automatic valve system used for controlling the suction and discharge processes. The experimental or analytical/numerical study of these processes is very complex, mainly because of the occurrence of the fluid-structure interaction problem during the operation of the valves and due to the geometric complexity of the whole system. Thus, simplified models as radial diffusers have been used to represent the valve system. This work consists of a numerical investigation of the fluid-structure interaction problem in steady flows through a radial diffuser with a diameter ratio of 1.2, in which the frontal disc moves due to the flow forces and the restitution force of a spring connected in the frontal disc. The commercial code Ansys-Fluent will be used for the numerical solution of the flow, considering constant Reynolds numbers in the range of 3000 and 20000. After validating the numerical procedure, the behavior of the effective force area and discharge coefficient, which are lumped parameters very used for designing compressor valves, will be investigated. (AU)

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