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Syatematic Revision of the Mourasuchus genus (Alligatoroidea, Caimaninae), one of the most peculiar crocodiles of the world

Grant number: 13/04516-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): June 01, 2013
Effective date (End): February 28, 2015
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Zoology - Paleozoology
Principal researcher:Annie Schmaltz Hsiou
Grantee:Giovanne Mendes Cidade
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto (FFCLRP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Ribeirão Preto , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:11/14080-0 - Cretaceous and Tertiary (Paleogene/Neogene) Squamates (Reptilia, Lepidosauria) from the Bauru, Aiuruoca and Acre basins: systematics, evolution and palaeoenvironments, AP.JP

Abstract

Mourausuchus is an extinct genus of alligatoroid crocodiles, situated in the Caimaninae clade. Endemic to South America and composed by four species originated from Middle (M. atopus) and Late Miocene deposits (M. amazonensis, M. arendsi and M. nativus), these animals represent one of the most peculiar crocodilian forms ever known, whose characteristics include an extremely broad, flat rostrum, resembling "the beak of a duck", along with notably weak, thin mandibles. Such traits, along with aspects found in postcranial bones have taken these crocodiles to be initially interpretated as having a suspensivurous or straining feeding habit, rather than being an active predator of big preys like most crocodilians. Albeit their remarkable pecularities, Mourasuchus is a very little studied and known taxon: most of the morphological descriptions made so far have been very succint, and the phylogentic relationships between the species of the genus have not been resolved yet. Additionally, the phylogenetical proximity of Mourasuchus and the north-american Eocene form Orthogenysuchus olseni rises interesting biogeographical questions regarding the space destribution of these taxa. Then, in order to create a better understanding about all these questions, including anatomy, taxonomy, phylogenetic relationships and biogeography of this peculiar group, it is necessary a deep, detailed study of systematic revision of the Mourasuchus species, which cnstitutes the objective of this project.

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Scientific publications (14)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CIDADE, GIOVANNE M.; RINCON, ASCANIO D.; SOLORZANO, ANDRES. New cranial and postcranial elements ofMourasuchus(Alligatoroidea: Caimaninae) from the late Miocene of Venezuela and their palaeobiological implications. HISTORICAL BIOLOGY, v. 33, n. 10, p. 2387-2399, OCT 3 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
GODOY, PEDRO L.; CIDADE, GIOVANNE M.; MONTEFELTRO, FELIPE C.; LANGER, MAX C.; NORELL, MARK A. REDESCRIPTION AND PHYLOGENETIC AFFINITIES OF THE CAIMANINE EOCAIMAN CAVERNENSIS (CROCODYLIA, ALLIGATOROIDEA) FROM THE EOCENE OF ARGENTINA. PAPERS IN PALAEONTOLOGY, v. 7, n. 3, p. 1205-1231, AUG 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
CIDADE, GIOVANNE M.; SOLORZANO, ANDRES; DANIEL RINCON, ASCANIO; RIFF, DOUGLAS; HSIOU, ANNIE SCHMALTZ. Redescription of the holotype of the Miocene crocodylianMourasuchus arendsi(Alligatoroidea, Caimaninae) and perspectives on the taxonomy of the species. HISTORICAL BIOLOGY, v. 32, n. 6, p. 733-749, JUL 2 2020. Web of Science Citations: 8.
CIDADE, GIOVANNE M.; RINCON, ASCANIO D.; SOLORZANO, ANDRES. New cranial and postcranial elements ofMourasuchus(Alligatoroidea: Caimaninae) from the late Miocene of Venezuela and their palaeobiological implications. HISTORICAL BIOLOGY, JUL 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
CIDADE, GIOVANNE M.; FORTIER, DANIEL; HSIOU, ANNIE S. Taxonomic and phylogenetic review of Necrosuchus ionensis (Alligatoroidea: Caimaninae) and the early evolution and radiation of caimanines. ZOOLOGICAL JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY, v. 189, n. 2, p. 657-669, JUN 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
CIDADE, GIOVANNE M.; FORTIER, DANIEL; RINCON, ASCANIO DANIEL; HSIOU, ANNIE SCHMALTZ. Taxonomic review of two fossil crocodylians from the Cenozoic of South America and its implications for the crocodylian fauna of the continent. Zootaxa, v. 4656, n. 3, p. 475-486, AUG 15 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
CIDADE, GIOVANNE M.; SOLORZANO, ANDRES; RINCON, ASCANIO D.; HSIOU, ANNIE SCHMALTZ; BARBOSA, FERNANDO HENRIQUE DE S. On a cranial bony nodular protuberance on Mourasuchus pattersoni Cidade et al. 2017 (Crocodylia, Alligatoroidea) from the late Miocene of Venezuela. HISTORICAL BIOLOGY, v. 31, n. 7, p. 866-871, AUG 9 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
CIDADE, GIOVANNE M.; RIFF, DOUGLAS; HSIOU, ANNIE SCHMALTZ. THE FEEDING HABITS OF THE STRANGE CROCODYLIAN MOURASUCHUS (ALLIGATOROIDEA, CAIMANINAE): A REVIEW, NEW HYPOTHESES AND PERSPECTIVES. Revista Brasileira de Paleontologia, v. 22, n. 2, p. 106-119, MAY-AUG 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
CIDADE, GIOVANNE M.; SOUZA-FILHO, JONAS P.; HSIOU, ANNIE SCHMALTZ; BROCHU, CHRISTOPHER A.; RIFF, DOUGLAS. New specimens of Mourasuchus (Alligatoroidea, Caimaninae) from the Miocene of Brazil and Bolivia and their taxonomic and morphological implications. ALCHERINGA, v. 43, n. 2, p. 1-18, MAR 2019. Web of Science Citations: 1.
CIDADE, GIOVANNE M.; RIFF, DOUGLAS; DE SOUZA-FILHO, JONAS P.; HSIOU, ANNIE SCHMALTZ. A reassessment of the osteology of Mourasuchus amazonensis Price, 1964 with comments on the taxonomy of the species. PALAEONTOLOGIA ELECTRONICA, v. 22, n. 2 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
SOUZA-FILHO, JONAS P.; SOUZA, RAFAEL G.; HSIOU, ANNIE SCHMALTZ; RIFF, DOUGLAS; GUILHERME, EDSON; NEGRI, FRANCISCO RICARDO; CIDADE, GIOVANNE M. A new caimanine (Crocodylia, Alligatoroidea) species from the Solimoes Formation of Brazil and the phylogeny of Caimaninae. JOURNAL OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY, v. 38, n. 5 SEP 3 2018. Web of Science Citations: 3.
CIDADE, GIOVANNE M.; SOLORZANO, ANDRE; DANIEL RINCON, ASCANIO; RIFF, DOUGLAS; HSIOU, ANNIE SCHMALTZ. A new Mourasuchus (Alligatoroidea, Caimaninae) from the late Miocene of Venezuela, the phylogeny of Caimaninae and considerations on the feeding habits of Mourasuchus. PeerJ, v. 5, MAR 7 2017. Web of Science Citations: 13.
GODOY, PEDRO L.; BRONZATI, MARIO; ELTINK, ESTEVAN; MARSOLA, JULIO C. DE A.; CIDADE, GIOVANNE M.; LANGER, MAX C.; MONTEFELTRO, FELIPE C. Postcranial anatomy of Pissarrachampsa sera (Crocodyliformes, Baurusuchidae) from the Late Cretaceous of Brazil: insights on lifestyle and phylogenetic significance. PeerJ, v. 4, MAY 26 2016. Web of Science Citations: 16.
SOUZA, RAFAEL GOMES; CIDADE, GIOVANNE MENDES; CAMPOS, DIOGENES DE ALMEIDA; RIFF, DOUGLAS. NEW CROCODYLIAN REMAINS FROM THE SOLIMOES FORMATION (LOWER EOCENE-PLIOCENE), STATE OF ACRE, SOUTHWESTERN BRAZILIAN AMAZONIA. Revista Brasileira de Paleontologia, v. 19, n. 2, p. 217-232, MAY-AUG 2016. Web of Science Citations: 10.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.