Biodiversity conservation is one of the great challenges of this century's, due to the high level of human disturbance of natural ecosystems. The Atlantic Forest is the biome where the impacts from these disturbances are more pronounced. It is necessary the preservation of natural remnants of this biome, as well as forest restoration of deforested areas. The practice of restoration in Brazil is recent, and gradually incorporates new methodologies to increase the chances of sustainability of restored areas. Genetic diversity becomes important for studies of restoration, because its variation can affect the rates of inbreeding and compromise the success of restoring in long term. Knowledge about the diversity, genetic structure and reproductive system of the remaining populations and restored areas are essential for appropriate management plans for these areas. The objective of this project is to describe the reproductive system of the species Myroxylon peruiferum L. f. and obtain the assessment of genetic diversity and genetic structure with the help of microsatellite markers, and promote the enrichment of the genetic species in restoration areas.
News published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the scholarship: