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Identification and characterization of the extracellular vesicles secreted by rectal cancer and their relation with the response to neoadjuvant treatment

Grant number: 13/04913-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): June 01, 2013
Effective date (End): February 29, 2016
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Morphology - Cytology and Cell Biology
Principal Investigator:Vilma Regina Martins
Grantee:Antuani Rafael Baptistella
Home Institution: A C Camargo Cancer Center. Fundação Antonio Prudente (FAP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:09/14027-2 - Mechanisms associated with the function of prion protein and its ligand STI1/Hop: therapeutic approaches, AP.TEM

Abstract

Despite some similarities, the rectal cancer has characteristics that differentiate it from the colon cancer, resulting in different treatments and outcomes. The rectal cancer in stages II and III, is treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiation followed by surgery, and the response to neoadjuvant treatment in patients is variable and unpredictable. Up to now, surgery intervention is required to assess the pathologic response to therapy. The identification of predictive biomarkers for response to therapy is of great importance, in order to identify the patients that will benefit from such treatment. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) secreted by tumors cells have been described to participate in tumor growth, as well in invasion and metastasis. In addition they can also be an important source of predictive biomarkers for response to therapy. The EVs secreted by rectum cancer are poorly characterized and their role in the tumoral process in unknown. Thus, our objectives are: 1- identification and characterization of extracellular vesicles secreted by rectal cancer cell lines and their role in the resistance to radiotherapy and chemotherapy; 2- to identify and characterize the extracellular vesicles secreted into the blood of patients with rectal tumors as a predictive factor of pathologic response to neoadjuvant chemoradiation. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BAPTISTEILA, ANTUANI RAFAEL; LANDEMBERGER, MICHELE CHRISTINE; SALLES DIA, MARCOS VINICIOS; GIUDIC, FERNANDA SALGUEIREDO; RODRIGUES, BRUNA ROZ; COMBAS EUFRAZIO DA SILV, PETRUS PAULO; CASSINELA, EDSON KUATELELA; LACERDA, TONIELLI CRISTINA; MARCHI, FABIO ALBUQUERQUE; PAES LEME, ADRIANA FRANCO; BEGNAMI, MARIA DIRLEI; AGUIAR JR, SAMUEL; MARTINS, ILMA REGINA. Rab5C enhances resistance to ionizing radiation in rectal cancer. JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR MEDICINE-JMM, v. 97, n. 6, p. 855-869, JUN 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
BAPTISTELLA, ANTUANI R.; SALLES DIAS, MARCOS VINICIOS; AGUIAR, JR., SAMUEL; BEGNAMI, MARIA D.; MARTINS, VILMA R. Heterogeneous expression of A33 in colorectal cancer: possible explanation for A33 antibody treatment failure. ANTI-CANCER DRUGS, v. 27, n. 8, p. 734-737, SEP 2016. Web of Science Citations: 2.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.