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Identifying Molecules with Selective Inhibitory Action for leishmania, plasmodium and human Hsp90 ortologues: Thermodynamic and Comparative approach.

Grant number: 13/10712-8
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2013
Effective date (End): June 19, 2016
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Biochemistry - Chemistry of Macromolecules
Principal Investigator:Julio Cesar Borges
Grantee:Fernanda Aparecida Heleno Batista
Home Institution: Instituto de Química de São Carlos (IQSC). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:12/50161-8 - Study of the structure and function of the Hsp90 chaperone with emphasis on its role in cellular homeostasis, AP.TEM

Abstract

The protein folding is critical in cellular physiology, constituting a self-organizing process in which the tertiary structure of a polypeptide chain is dictated by its amino acid sequence. Under conditions of stress, Hsp (heat shock proteins) maintains cellular homeostasis assisting in the correct folding of nascent protein chains, preventing protein aggregation and promoting the selective degradation of proteins poorly folded. The Hsp90 chaperones are proteins ATP-dependent, evolutionarily conserved and involved in the stabilization and activation of more than 200 proteins known as clients proteins. The functions of chaperones are not limited to assist the folding of nascent proteins, but they are also involved in the regulation of gene expression and signaling events. In the case of intracellular parasites the role of chaperones goes beyond maintaining homeostasis protein, they are also involved in different processes related to the development and pathogenesis of these organisms. The ability of Hsp90 to affect important cellular transformations is very exploited by intracellular protozoa such as leishmania and plasmodium. These parasites, which can cause malaria and leishmaniasis in the human host, use the Hsp90 to trigger transitions among its various stages. Therefore the Hsp90 are potential targets for drug development since its inhibition affects several cycles and intracellular signaling pathways in humans and protozoa parasitizing man. Although Hsp90 parasites have shown important therapeutic targets in the search for drugs to treat these parasites, the high similarity between Hsp90 belonging to parasites and to man, arises as a point of attention in this approach. Thus, the aim of this study is to explore and identify molecules capable of causing inhibition of Hsp90 from leishmania and plasmodium, without affecting the activity of human Hsp90.

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BATISTA, FERNANDA A. H.; RAMOS, JR., SERGIO L.; TASSONE, GIUSY; LEITAO, ANDREI; MONTANARI, CARLOS A.; BOTTA, MAURIZIO; MORI, MATTIA; BORGES, JULIO C. Discovery of small molecule inhibitors of Leishmania braziliensis Hsp90 chaperone. Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry, v. 35, n. 1, p. 639-649, JAN 1 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.