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Tool use by capuchin monkeys: learning and tradition

Grant number: 13/05219-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2013
Effective date (End): September 30, 2016
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Psychology - Experimental Psychology
Principal researcher:Eduardo Benedicto Ottoni
Grantee:Tiago Falótico
Home Institution: Instituto de Psicologia (IP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):14/18364-1 - Primate Archaeology, BE.EP.PD

Abstract

The project aims to continue the study of the use of tools by a group of capuchin monkeys (Sapajus libidinosus) in Serra da Capivara National Park, focusing mainly on the ontogenetic development of the use of stick probes, a common behavior in the repertoire of local groups, but virtually absent in other wild populations. This population is the only one observed, so far, exhibiting an extended tool-kit including stick probes, as well as different kinds of lithic tools, which probably constitute behavioral traditions resulting from socially biased learning. The project aims to expand the records about tools used by this population and to examine the individual and social learning opportunities in the development of the young monkeys.Moreover, it is expected the first studies of the capuchin monkeys population of Serra das Confusões National Park, which is 100km far from Serra da Capivara N.P. and where there is only indirect evidence of tool use by capuchin monkeys.Moreover, it is expected the first studies of the capuchin monkeys population of Serra das Confusões National Park, which is 100km far from Serra da Capivara N.P. and where there is only indirect evidence of tool use by capuchin monkeys.Moreover, it is expected the early studies of the population of capuchin monkeys National Park of Sierra Confusions, which is 100km from PN Capivara Mountains and about which there is only indirect evidence of tool use by capuchin monkeys.

News published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the scholarship:
Macacos-prego usavam ferramentas há 700 anos 
Capuchin monkeys produce sharp stone flakes similar to tools 
Monos capuchinos producen piedras afiladas similares a herramientas 
Articles published in other media outlets (3 total):
Folha.com: Cientistas acham ferramentas feitas por macacos há 3.000 anos no Piauí (26/Jun/2019)
Biólogo: Comportamento dos macacos-prego (27/Apr/2021)
Sociedade Científica: Cultura de uso de ferramentas por macacos-prego variou ao longo de 3 mil anos (27/Jun/2019)

Scientific publications (7)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
FALOTICO, TIAGO; PROFFITT, TOMOS; OTTONI, EDUARDO B.; STAFF, RICHARD A.; HASLAM, MICHAEL. Three thousand years of wild capuchin stone tool use. NATURE ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION, v. 3, n. 7, p. 1034-1038, JUL 2019. Web of Science Citations: 2.
FALOTICO, TIAGO; COUTINHO, PAULO HENRIQUE M.; BUENO, CAROLINA Q.; RUFO, HENRIQUE P.; OTTONI, EDUARDO B. Stone tool use by wild capuchin monkeys (Sapajus libidinosus) at Serra das Confuses National Park, Brazil. PRIMATES, v. 59, n. 4, p. 385-394, JUL 2018. Web of Science Citations: 1.
FALOTICO, TIAGO; SIQUEIRA, JOSE O.; OTTONI, EDUARDO B. Digging up food: excavation stone tool use by wild capuchin monkeys. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v. 7, JUL 24 2017. Web of Science Citations: 8.
PROFFITT, TOMOS; LUNCZ, LYDIA V.; FALOTICO, TIAGO; OTTONI, EDUARDO B.; DE LA TORRE, IGNACIO; HASLAM, MICHAEL. Wild monkeys flake stone tools. Nature, v. 539, n. 7627, p. 85+, NOV 3 2016. Web of Science Citations: 38.
FALOTICO, TIAGO; INABA, AGUMI; MCGREW, WILLIAM C.; OTTONI, EDUARDO B. Vertical bipedal locomotion in wild bearded capuchin monkeys (Sapajus libidinosus). PRIMATES, v. 57, n. 4, p. 533-540, OCT 2016. Web of Science Citations: 0.
LUNCZ, LYDIA V.; FALOTICO, TIAGO; PASCUAL-GARRIDO, ALEJANDRA; CORAT, CLARA; MOSLEY, HANNAH; HASLAM, MICHAEL. Wild capuchin monkeys adjust stone tools according to changing nut properties. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v. 6, SEP 14 2016. Web of Science Citations: 9.
HASLAM, MICHAEL; FALOTICO, TIAGO. Nasal probe and toothpick tool use by a wild female bearded capuchin (Sapajus libidinosus). PRIMATES, v. 56, n. 3, p. 211-214, JUL 2015. Web of Science Citations: 5.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.