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Architecture and construction systems in the union of soviet socialist republics (1945 and 1973)

Grant number: 13/16066-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2013
Effective date (End): September 30, 2014
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Architecture and Town Planning - Architecture and Urbanism Technology
Principal Investigator:Ana Paula Koury
Grantee:Michelle Duarte Bispo
Host Institution: Centro de Pesquisa. Universidade São Judas Tadeu (USJT). São Paulo , SP, Brazil


This work discusses the architecture and construction techniques in the USSR. The research aims to provide housing production in the USSR from the beginning of the Cold War (1945) until the oil crisis (1973), when a large number of housing units was produced by a model of technology-intensive heavy prefabricated components the closed-loop. This initiative, much quoted, but little has been studied systematically applied in Eastern Europe and Cuba and inspired a number of initiatives related to pre-production units of housing and social facilities in Brazil. The work, therefore, aims to gather information by presenting the elements for future analysis of the production of pre-fabricated in Brazil, as well as its diffusion as a constructive model during the period analyzed. (AU)

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