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Comparison of the methylation profile of specific genes between HPV-positive and HPV-negative tumors from patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

Grant number: 13/13834-7
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2013
Effective date (End): February 28, 2017
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Medicine
Principal Investigator:André Lopes Carvalho
Grantee:Ana Carolina de Carvalho Peters
Home Institution: Hospital do Câncer de Barretos. Fundação Pio XII (FP). Barretos , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is associated with high rates of incidence, morbidity, mortality. Currently, the choice of treatment for these patients depends on the determination of tumor stage. However, patients with tumors of the same stage and same location may present different outcomes.Recently, infection with human papilloma virus (HPV) has been described as an etiologic factor for the development of a subset of these patients, mainly in the oropharynx tumors. While the incidence of squamous cell carcinomas of other sites has decreased, the incidence of oropharyngeal tumors has increased. Moreover, as HPV-negative tumors, the subgroup of tumors associated with HPV infection have differences in clinical presentation, response profiles and treatment outcome.The presence of hypermethylation in the promoter region of specific genes is associated with repression of gene expression and has been considered a major change with potential as a molecular marker in various tumors, including HNSCC.In view of this, this study aims to assess the difference in the methylation profile of specific genes between tumors induced by HPV (HPV-positive) and tumors induced by carcinogens (HPV-negative) in samples from patients with HNSCC, enabling a better understanding of the molecular characteristics that define the different subgroups of these tumors and, consequently, a more accurate determination of prognosis and better delineation of the treatment of these patients, contributing to quality of life and improved survival rates.

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DE JESUS, LAIS MACHADO; DOS REIS, MARIANA BISARRO; CARVALHO, RAIANY SANTOS; SCAPULATEMPO NETO, CRISTOVAM; DE ALMEIDA, GISELE CARAVINA; LAUS, ANA CAROLINA; MARCZYNSKI, GABRIELLA TAQUES; LEAL, LETICIA FERRO; MELENDEZ, MATIAS ELISEO; DE MARCHI, PEDRO; MANUEL REIS, RUI; CARVALHO, ANDRE LOPES; DE CARVALHO, ANA CAROLINA. Feasibility of methylatedctDNAdetection in plasma samples of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma patients. HEAD AND NECK-JOURNAL FOR THE SCIENCES AND SPECIALTIES OF THE HEAD AND NECK, JUL 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
OLIVEIRA-SILVA, RENATO J.; DE CARVALHO, ANA CAROLINA; VIANA, LUCIANO DE SOUZA; CARVALHO, ANDRE L.; REIS, RUI M. Anti-EGFR Therapy: Strategies in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma. Recent Patents on Anti-Cancer Drug Discovery, v. 11, n. 2, p. 170-183, 2016. Web of Science Citations: 7.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.