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Listening and hearing to narratives in Homer's Odyssey

Grant number: 13/19183-8
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research
Effective date (Start): April 01, 2014
Effective date (End): June 30, 2014
Field of knowledge:Linguistics, Literature and Arts - Literature - Classical Literatures
Principal researcher:Christian Werner
Grantee:Christian Werner
Host: Jonas Grethlein
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Research place: Heidelberg University, Germany  

Abstract

The performance of stories through songs or speeches and the use of abbreviated narratives in different speech genres is a structural element omnipresent in Homer's 'Odyssey', specially given the large amount of scenes in which a stranger is received and entertained by a host. This investigation focus on three scenes in which episodes of the Trojan War are mentioned by the characters in their speeches: the dialogue between Menelaus, Helen, Telemachus and Pisistratus (Book 4); the encounter between Achilles and Odysseus in Hades (Book 11); and the Cretan lies (Books 13-19). The main purposes of this discussion are: a) to tackle if Homeric epic presupposes a poetics of 'kleos', that is, events that are the memorialization of praiseworthy heroic deeds of the past; b) to discuss the use of Trojan War as a source of historicity and/or "plu-past" (cf. Grethlien 2006 and 2009); c) to verify if the war is represented differently in different speech genres (like lament, rememoration, and advice); d) and to discuss the polarity between war and peace in such contexts. (AU)

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