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Feminism and new practices of resistance: a discursive analysis of Slutwalk

Grant number: 13/14539-9
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2014
Effective date (End): March 31, 2015
Field of knowledge:Linguistics, Literature and Arts - Linguistics
Principal Investigator:Mónica Graciela Zoppi Fontana
Grantee:Tyara Veriato Chaves
Home Institution: Instituto de Estudos da Linguagem (IEL). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil

Abstract

We seek to understand the meanings of the bitch in and through speeches posted by the Coletivos Marcha das Vadias on Facebook articulating, in our reflection, the subject, history and language. We observe that the bitch can be taken as evidence produced in the words that mean the woman largely by the use of the body - which covers it, as it turns out, the spaces it occupies, as many as touched - in social, historical and idealogical conditions. We also observe that the emergence of the Coletivos Marcha das Vadias seems to cause a stir in the social and historical affiliations of identification (PÊCHEUX, 1983) that constitute the meanings logically stabilized on the subject. This movement arose in 2011 when the University of Toronto reported numerous instances of sexual abuse in your campus and organized a lecture where a police officer advised that the students avoid dressing like sluts to avoid being raped. In consequence of this orientation, about three thousand people took to the streets in Canada to protest against the blaming of women victims of sexual violence. Since then, the canadian movement called Slutwalk gained global proportions, having already been held in various brazilian cities, where was called Marcha das Vadias. It is believed that the use of the word bitch to the speech of Coletivo Marcha das Vadias produces a rupture-events in memory. Therefore, this master's project turns to the relation between language, subject and ideology, joining it with the materialist discourse analysis. We intend to investigate how the subject identifies/means himself in and trough the discourses in their resistance movements under the ideological domination, starting with the question: how discourses of Coletivo Marcha das Vadias constitute senses about the bitch? Considering the relations of inequality, contradiction and subordination typical of a discursive formation, our hypothesis is that such sayings featuring a discursive event that causes a break, an interruption and giving rise to new subject-positions. Therefore, we designed as objective to analyze the effects of meaning that circulate in the speeches of Coletivos Marcha das Vadias do Brasil on Facebook and the displacements that produce a break in the memory about the bitch. The research will develop from: 1) reflections about the relations between the discourse of political activism with advertising in digital format; 2) selecting discursive corpus of Coletivos Marcha das Vadias do Brasil Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte and Curitiba on Facebook; 3) the analysis of the discursive corpus through the theoretical principles and methodological procedures of materialist theory of speech in interface with the feminist and gender studies. The choice of materialist discourse theory as analytical device is justified because it is a field of reflections composed by heterogeneity, where language is taken in its relation to the historical, social and ideological (Pecheux, 1975), providing subsidies to analyze the resistance movements and the effects of exclusion and silencing that focus on the processes of discursive construction of the subject. We also propose a dialogue between Language and Social Studies whose discussions revolve around the incorporation of gender as a category, discussing the sexualization of human experience in speech. In the search for some answers, the research will not develop looking for a sense, but will look for social and historical paths of meanings that projects new things. We search, beating between description/interpretation, understanding how the subject is constituted and identified with respect to the symbolic, its gestures of resistance, its inscription in memory networks and ideological conditions that permite, from the notion of discursive event (PÊCHEUX, 1983), a break, an interruption and the emergence of new subject-positions. (AU)

Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
CHAVES, Tyara Veriato. From Marcha das Vadias to sluts walking : discourses on women and space. 2015. Master's Dissertation - Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Instituto de Estudos da Linguagem.

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