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Influence of muscle strength and power training on morpho-functional and cognitive aspects in frail older adults according to Kihon-training checklist

Grant number: 14/07667-3
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research
Effective date (Start): July 17, 2014
Effective date (End): February 05, 2015
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Physical Education
Principal Investigator:Marco Carlos Uchida
Grantee:Marco Carlos Uchida
Host: Hidenori Arai
Home Institution: Faculdade de Educação Física (FEF). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Local de pesquisa : Kyoto University, Japan  

Abstract

Ageing is closely related to frailty syndrome, sarcopenia, functional impairment and significant decrease in the quality of living. It is clear in the literature that older adults benefit from strength exercises that increase or maintain muscle strength and mass and bone mineral density. The same is proved for power training exercises that improve balance, gait speed and reaction time. In this study we aim to establish a non-expensive and global exercise protocol of easy execution that associates strength and power training to improve frailty in older adults. The population with frailty syndrome will be selected by using the Kihon-checklist (KCL), a questionnaire that consider life style, physical condition, nutrition, social interaction, depression and cognitive function. A total of 66 subjects (>60 years-old) will be grouped in 3 groups that will be submitted to different exercise protocols. The first one (control) will not perform any exercise. The second will perform traditional power training (fast concentric action; 2-3sec eccentric action). The third group will perform combined strength and power training in the same exercise movement (fast concentric action; 6-10 sec eccentric action). All groups will be evaluated before the start the experiment, at 6 weeks of training and at 12 weeks (end). Cognitive aspects and body composition will be evaluated. Physical functional tests and the KLC will be applied. The results obtained will serve as base to the development of a novel and more efficient exercise program to be tested in our population of older adults. This study is also designed to serve as reference for future policy making regarding the health maintenance and improvement of institutionalized older adults. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
UCHIDA, MARCO CARLOS; NISHIDA, MARCIO MAKOTO; CARVALHO SAMPAIO, RICARDO AURELIO; MORITANI, TOSHIO; ARAI, HIDENORI. Thera-band (R) elastic band tension: reference values for physical activity. Journal of Physical Therapy Science, v. 28, n. 4, p. 1266-1271, APR 2016. Web of Science Citations: 10.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.