In elderly population, residing on long term care facilities (ILP), high prevalence of depression (DP), cognitive decline (DC) and functional deficit occurs. Objective: Study music effect as a therapeutically and preventive resource for DP and DC on institutionalized elders. Methods and Procedures: This research will be developed with experimental design for groups, quantitative and qualitative. Will be subjects 24 institutionalized elders, both sexes. After subject selection, will be defined baseline from initial interview, where will be applied Form Data Collection Socio-Demographic; Medication, based on criteria of Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Code (ATC) and the following instruments: 1) Mini Mental State Exam (MEEM) and 2) Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS 15); 3) Scale Fragility of Edmonton (EFS). The scores from MEEM and GDS will be taken as dependent variables: VD1 = symptomatology for DP and, VD2 = indicative for DC. After selection and application of the instruments, subjects will be divided in three groups (G1, G2 and G3). The study will be developed in three phases: Phase 1: a) application of musical activities on G1 (n = 8), during the period of two months. Phase 2: a) application of musical activities on G1 + G2 (n = 16) for two months. Phase 3: a) application of musical activities on G1 + G2 + G3 (n = 24) for two months and, b) evaluation of MEEM and GDS-15 for the groups G1, G2 and G3. The quantitative data will be analyzed by SPSS software and from this will be evaluated the interference or not of the activities developed in terms of: a) cognitive performance/DC and, b) symptomatology for DP. The qualitative data will be described and used to interpret quantitative data.
News published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the scholarship: