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Clinical and laboratorial characteristics of patients with type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Grant number: 14/03381-8
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2014
Effective date (End): September 30, 2015
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Medicine - Maternal and Child Health
Principal Investigator:Raphael Del Roio Liberatore Junior
Grantee:Nathália Azevedo
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto (FMRP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Ribeirão Preto , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus is an autoimmune disease that has been growing around 2-5 % in recent years, affecting, in Brazil, about 8 in every 100 thousand inhabitants. One of the concerns of patients with diabetes is to keep blood glucose, blood pressure, and lipid control in normal levels in order to avoid complications such as retinopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy and hypertension, caused by altered metabolism. For this control, patients take insulin to normalize blood glucose levels, adjustments in diet and exercise. In children this control is hampered by the fact that, in most cases, they have not enough to have a proper self-care maturity. Evidences indicate that, due to the possible difficulty in controlling blood glucose, the incidence of chronic complications occur earlier and in higher incidence in children and adolescents than in adults, becoming necessary, especially in the Brazilian population, further studies to confirm these findings and to identify their causes. It is also necessary to monitor the evolution of diabetic children for the identification and application of preventive measures. Therefore, in order to have an early diagnosis and appropriate therapeutic approach to prevent escalations and ensure the well being of the population with the disease, this study will aim to outline the clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with type 1 diabetes followed at the Hospital das Clínicas of Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo. (AU)