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Molecular quantification of Leishmania in samples from dogs, its implications to public health in the region of Bauru, São Paulo

Grant number: 15/02859-4
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2015
Effective date (End): December 31, 2017
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Collective Health - Public Health
Principal researcher:Virgínia Bodelão Richini Pereira
Grantee:Barbara Suares de Almeida
Home Institution: Instituto Adolfo Lutz (IAL). Coordenadoria de Controle de Doenças (CCD). Secretaria da Saúde (São Paulo - Estado). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Zoonoses caused by trypanosomatids are diseases with severe sanitary, social and economic consequences all over the world. Leishmaniases are caused by several species of the genus Leishmania wich mainly affect humans and dogs. Molecular biology is tools for the diagnosis and knowledge of the epidemiology of the diseases. The objective is quantify the parasite load of leishmania by real-time PCR in samples of dogs the region of Bauru, São Paulo. Natural infection in the canine population as grants for the construction of planning, targeting and prioritizing the actions of surveillance and control. From this it will be possible to assess the effectiveness of actions based on indicators of prevalence of infection. The diagnosis of canine leishmaniasis will allow the understanding of the determinants of expansion and/or dissemination of this parasitosis, because this information may be useful in clarification of obscure points in the epidemiology, routes of dissemination, in pathogenesis, in improvement of laboratory diagnosis, in phylogenetic studies to prevent disease, as well as to develop drugs and/or vaccines.

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