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Molecular research of pathogenic fungi in bats from Botucatu-SP region

Grant number: 15/09337-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2015
Effective date (End): September 30, 2016
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Veterinary Medicine
Principal Investigator:Helio Langoni
Grantee:Brunna Mayla Vasconcelos Adorno
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia (FMVZ). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Botucatu. Botucatu , SP, Brazil

Abstract

ABSTRACTCurrently, zoonoses represent the majority of emerging diseases and bats play an important role as a source of infection or transmission of infectious agents. Histoplasmosis, cryptococcosis and paracoccidioidomycosis are fungal diseases reported in several animal species, and its agents are isolated of caves, caverns, soil and animal feces. Thus the aim of this study is to perform molecular detection of the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum, Cryptococcus spp. and Paracoccidioidis brasiliensis in bats in Botucatu and region in the state of São Paulo. It will be collected lung, spleen and liver bats during ten months for research and diagnosis of H. capsulatum, Cryptococcus neoformans and P. brasiliensis using the molecular diagnostic technique: Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). It will be held the georeferencing of the samples with the aid of Arcgis 10.1® software to generate distribution maps of points of collection of animals. The study design will be case series, analyzing the frequency of the sampled species, animal habits and found location. Statistical analysis will be conducted for the distribution and frequency of traits of interest cases as: species, feeding habits of bats and found location. Then it will be subjected to analysis with PROC FREC.Keywords: fungi, bats, systemic mycoses, PCR.