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Chlorophyll and carotenoid traits and their relationship with foliar morphophysiological parameters of typical Cerrado and denser Cerrado species

Grant number: 15/21857-2
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2015
Effective date (End): May 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Botany
Principal Investigator:Davi Rodrigo Rossatto
Grantee:Bianca Helena Porfírio da Silva
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias (FCAV). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Jaboticabal. Jaboticabal , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:13/18049-6 - The diversity of ecophysiological strategies in a Cerrado herbaceous communities: a case study involving distinct environmental constraints, AP.BTA.JP

Abstract

Many studies suggest that the majority of species occurring in typical savanna exhibit leaf morphological and functional traits to tolerate the high irradiances present in this system. In this way, when vegetation becomes denser such species would disappear. This study aims to analyze the morphological and functional traits in typical Cerrado species and even in species that survive under areas that have undergone encroachment in the Assis Ecological Station - SP. Foliar traits related to adaptation to the luminous environment will be analyzed (leaf area, leaf size and specific leaf weight), and physiological responses (chlorophylls and carotenoids content and maximum photosynthesis rates). We expect to find smaller and more scleromorphic leaves, with elevated levels of chlorophyll and carotenoids, with high photosynthetic rates in high-light environments (typical Cerrado). In contrast, in shaded environments the species will have larger leaves, higher chlorophyll b content and lower photosynthetic rates. These different strategies will indicate why typical Cerrado species disappear in environments that have undergone encroachment.

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
ROSSATTO, DAVI RODRIGO; DE ARAUJO, PAOLA EDUARDA; PORFIRIO DA SILVA, BIANCA HELENA; FRANCO, AUGUSTO CESAR. Photosynthetic responses of understory savanna plants: Implications for plant persistence in savannas under tree encroachment. FLORA, v. 240, p. 34-39, MAR 2018. Web of Science Citations: 1.

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