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THE EXPANSION OF AGROHIDRONEGÓCIO SUGARCANE IN THE PONTAL DO PARANAPANEMA (SP) AND DEVELOPMENTS FOR AGROECOLOGY:REPRODUCTIVE STRATEGIES OF PEASANTS

Grant number: 15/02962-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2015
Effective date (End): August 01, 2017
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Geography - Human Geography
Principal researcher:Antonio Thomaz Júnior
Grantee:Diógenes Rabello
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia (FCT). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Presidente Prudente. Presidente Prudente , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:12/23959-9 - Mapping and analysis of territory of sugarcane agrohidrobusiness in the Pontal do Paranapanema region - São Paulo State - Brazil labor relations, conflict and land and water use and environmental health, AP.BIOEN.TEM
Associated scholarship(s):16/20075-3 - Peasant experience in Mexico: agroecological practices and peasant resistance in the states of Puebla, Oaxaca and Chiapas, BE.EP.MS

Abstract

Agroecology is now gaining more recognition in academia as a science. As a result, there are various suggestions, perspectives and points of view among research groups as to what agroecology means and how agroecological knowledge is interpreted and practiced as an alternative model for peasant agriculture. Theoretical approaches allow agroecology to be defined in several aspects, leading to a realization that this model represents a break with previous references. It is concerned with the environmental dimension, seeking to eliminate the use of chemical products in order to stop environmental degradation while promoting cultivation techniques that take into consideration the dynamics of nature to the benefit of the work process. At the same time, the social dimension is fundamental, including the production of diverse healthy foods in good quantities, giving priority to family-based work, and, mindful of the cultural dimension throughout the process, recreating and adapting traditional work techniques to enable individual identity to be maintained in the field of agroecological production. We seek, through this research project, to identify the challenges faced by settler farmers as they emerge from the fight for land in the Pontal do Paranapanema, SP, recreating the conditions of life and work before the advance of the sugar cane industry. We note the impossibility of coexistence on the same land as the sugar cane industry due to the conflict between agroecological practices and the activities of the sugarcane agro-industry, which is based on the degradation of land and water, and the health of animals, workers, and human beings in general.