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Obtaining of nanofibrillated cellulose from bamboo and its potential as reinforcement for fragile matrices

Grant number: 15/21079-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2016
Effective date (End): August 31, 2019
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Civil Engineering - Construction Industry
Principal Investigator:Holmer Savastano Junior
Grantee:Viviane da Costa Correia
Host Institution: Faculdade de Zootecnia e Engenharia de Alimentos (FZEA). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Pirassununga , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:12/51467-3 - Agroindustrial wastes and their potential use as appropriate materials for housing and infraestructure (Agrowaste), AP.TEM
Associated scholarship(s):18/00519-0 - Performance and durability of hybrid cement-based composites reinforced with vegetable fibers at micro and nanometric scales, BE.EP.PD


The nanofibrillated cellulose are from natural, available and renewable resource; and have high specific surface, which contributes to improve the adhesion between cement particles. The use of nanoreinforcement in cementitious materials is not established, and in the literature there are divergences from the ideal nanoreinforcemet level so that the physical and mechanical properties of cementitious composites are improved. The factors, such as production method, water/cement ratio, reinforcement level and curing greatly influences the final properties of cementitious composites. Thus, the objective of this proposal is produce nanofibrillated cellulose from bamboo organosolv pulp, and study it at different stages for the improving the cementitious composite reinforced with nanofibrillated cellulose, in order to adapt the production of the fibercement by the slurry vacuum dewatering process followed by pressing; furthermore, the objective is to study different levels of the nanofibrillated cellulose in cement materials, in order to determine the optimal level of nanoreinforcement, so that they act on the modification of the cracking process and on the control of opening of the cracks; and to verify their effect in the physical, mechanical and microstructural properties and in the durability of the composites. The nanofibrillated cellulose will produced from bamboo organosolv pulp, by the grinding process and thereafter, it will be embedded into the cementitious matrix at different levels. The composites will be subjected to physical and mechanical tests for evaluation of the flexural strength, and at the tensile test for the cracking analysis. Through the use of the nanofibrillated cellulose as nanoreinforcement, is expected to produce multi-cracked composites, with high toughness and flexural strength, for use as roofing and as sealing panel.

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Scientific publications (4)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CORREIA, VIVIANE DA COSTA; ARDANUY, MONICA; CLARAMUNT, JOSEP; SAVASTANO JR, HOLMER. Assessment of chemical and mechanical behavior of bamboo pulp and nanofibrillated cellulose exposed to alkaline environments. Cellulose, v. 26, n. 17, p. 9269-9285, . (15/21079-0, 18/00519-0)
RODIER, LOIC; CORREIA, VIVIANE COSTA; JUNIOR, HOLMER SAVASTANO. Elaboration of eco-efficient vegetable fibers reinforced cement-based composites using glass powder residue. CEMENT & CONCRETE COMPOSITES, v. 110, . (15/21079-0, 16/14331-7)
CORREIA, VIVIANE DA COSTA; SAVASTANO, HOLMER, JR.; GHAVAMI, K; FRANCO, PJH. Cement-Based Composites Reinforced with Nanofibrillated Cellulose from Bamboo Organossolv Pulp. NON-CONVENTIONAL MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGIES: NOCMAT FOR THE XXI CENTURY, v. 7, p. 9-pg., . (15/21079-0, 12/51467-3)
CORREIA, VIVIANE DA COSTA; SANTOS, SERGIO FRANCISCO; TEIXEIRA, RONALDO SOARES; SAVASTANO JUNIOR, HOLMER. Nanofibrillated cellulose and cellulosic pulp for reinforcement of the extruded cement based materials. CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS, v. 160, p. 376-384, . (11/01128-5, 12/51467-3, 15/21079-0)

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