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CONTEMPORARY HOUSING: CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE DESIGN PROCESS AND THE METHODS OF EVALUATION IN BRAZIL AND IN THE NETHERLANDS.

Grant number: 16/03585-8
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2016
Effective date (End): November 30, 2016
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Architecture and Town Planning
Principal Investigator:Leandro Silva Medrano
Grantee:Cássia Bartsch Nagle
Supervisor abroad: Clarine Joanne Van Oel
Home Institution: Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FAU). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Local de pesquisa : Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands  
Associated to the scholarship:15/08104-5 - Contemporary collective housing: critical analysis of the design process in Brazil and in the Netherlands., BP.DR

Abstract

Many Brazilian housing Programs, as the My Home My Life Program, have been criticized for its poor quality both at the urban level and at the housing level. On the other hand, nowhere else in Europe does collective housing dominate the housing market, with quality, as it does in the Netherlands. Therefore, the here proposed project aims to study in more detail what lessons can be learned from the Dutch urban planning and housing approaches and to investigate whether these approaches to design quality can be applied to the Brazilian context to improve housing quality at the urban level. The objective of this research is twofold. First, an explorative study is proposed to investigate whether Dutch approaches to urban planning can be used to improve the housing quality in the Brazilian situation. Here the focus is with the evaluation methods that are used in urban planning to control the urban quality of (residential) neighborhoods. To support the architectural design quality of Brazilian housing production, this study also proposes to develop attractive and feasible design models that have been tested for architectural quality both according to Brazilian and Dutch architects by employing a quantitative approach, i.e. discrete choice modeling with 3D virtual design models of a common Brazilian housing block. Together, the methodological approaches of this research project are both linked to existing practices in the Netherlands and to innovative approaches as practiced at the Faculty of Architecture and The Built Environment at Delft University of Technology. The result of this research should assist national urban and housing policies practiced in Brazil. Thus, as already indicated in the main project in the country, the Grant of Research Internship Abroad (BEPE) is requested to allow for an in depth study of the topic. The project is linked to the process number 2015/08104-5, with the title "contemporary collective housing: Critical analysis of the design process in Brazil and the Netherlands" (line of promotion: Regular Programs / Grant / In the Country / PhD / Continuous flow).