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Contemporary collective housing: critical analysis of the design process in Brazil and in the Netherlands.

Grant number: 15/08104-5
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2015
Effective date (End): June 30, 2019
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Architecture and Town Planning
Principal Investigator:Leandro Silva Medrano
Grantee:Cássia Bartsch Nagle
Home Institution: Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FAU). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):16/03585-8 - CONTEMPORARY HOUSING: CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE DESIGN PROCESS AND THE METHODS OF EVALUATION IN BRAZIL AND IN THE NETHERLANDS., BE.EP.DR

Abstract

Nowadays, much of the housing production in Brazil is the result of market forces, unconcerned with architectural and urban key issues. On the other hand, the Netherlands has long been out front to the subject of housing production in various aspects such as quality, quantity, innovation, legislation and structuring of a design process. There is a hypothesis that in the Netherlands there was a construction of a disciplinary criticism, involving theory, practices and methods, resulting in a well-structured design process, which contributed to enable the construction of a relevant housing architecture, while in Brazil, on the other, that construction of a disciplinary criticism was not honored, or it was restricted to academic and intellectual circles, which subsequently resulted in the widespread weakening of the quality of collective housing projects in the country. Therefore, the objective of this research is to critically analyze the design process, especially in its early stages of design, of contemporary collective housing controlled by the government, considering the possible actors and conditions of the process, objectives, critical and theoretical foundations and methodologies of analysis and evaluation, in Brazil and in the Netherlands, looking for similarities and, especially, differences between the two countries. Therefore, cases of contemporary collective housing will be analyzed in Brazil, gathering and organizing documents on the subject of the design process, critical and theoretical repertory of architecture, project, methodological and theoretical guidelines for the development of residential buildings, and methodologies of analysis and evaluation of projects. In addition, it is proposed the analysis and the comparasion of the theoretical, methodological and project basis of this projects with others of a similar nature, presented in the Netherlands. In this manner, this research aims at contributing to the development of a disciplinary body and of theoretical and architectural design criticism in Brazil, and to the discussion of the housing production in the country, in contrast to the reality in the Netherlands.