This research aims to identify and analyze the origins of cultural dispositions of elementary school teachers in what concerns religion in São Paulo State. The proposal is to participate in the construction of an interpretative international framework related to teaching practice, assessing dispositional references and arguments that are mobilized by teachers when they need to manage school conflicts regarding the religious theme. The research is located in the domain of Sociology of Education, hence the terms socialization, configuration and hybrids dispositions of habitus are essential notions. Moreover, the study is based on the secularism debate, thus Brazilian and international references are going to be used. We work on the hypothesis that some particular elements of Brazilian culture and dispositions, such as their hybrids dispositions of habitus, can be used as an analytic operator of the articulation between action and speech resources. Taking into account a specific socio-cultural configuration, as the Brazilian one, the teaching practice genesis will be analyzed from a procedural and relational perspective, in which the conformation of historical, evaluative, individual and structural aspects are combined either in tension, or in synergy. In order to achieve our target, it is essential to do a literature study concerning the current debate regarding secularism in Brazil, its history and its particularity, and also a case study, which will allow us to observe teaching practice and to do in-depth interview with teachers.
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