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Glycan structural determination of glycoproteins from the midgut of Spodoptera frugiperda

Grant number: 16/09511-6
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
Effective date (Start): July 30, 2016
Effective date (End): December 29, 2016
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Biochemistry - Chemistry of Macromolecules
Principal researcher:Clelia Ferreira Terra
Grantee:Felipe Jun Fuzita
Supervisor abroad: Catherine E. Costello
Home Institution: Instituto de Química (IQ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Research place: Boston University (BU), United States  
Associated to the scholarship:14/14183-2 - Intestinal microvillar membranes and their secretory vesicles in Lepidoptera Spodoptera frugiperda and Diptera Musca domestica, BP.PD

Abstract

Glycosylation is likely the most common post-translational modification in proteins. The protein-attached glycan may present a variety of functions ranging from host-pathogen interaction to cell adhesion and immune response. In the last decade, mass spectrometry-based glycomics/glycoproteomics appeared as an emergent and important research field due to advances in mass spectrometers technology, which allowed the use of this technique to obtain carbohydrate structural information. However, in insects, only little structural information about glycans attached to proteins is available. Most part of the knowledge is regarding to comparisons with human ortholog genes that express glycosyltransferases and lectins, with a huge lack in glycan structures which certainly play important roles in the insect physiology. For instance, many proteins present in the midgut microvilli of insects are glycosylated. Among them there are proteins which are targeted by Cry endotoxins produced by the enthomopathogenic bacteria Bacillus thuringiensis. These protein targets, named Cry toxin receptors (CTR), have their glycans recognized by Cry endotoxins as an important part of the process. So far, there is no structural information about glycans present in CTR. The use of Cry toxins is a good way to control many agricultural pests, including Spodoptera frugiperda, since these toxins are innocuous to other organisms like plants and vertebrates. Thus, the objective of this study is the characterization by glycomics and glycoproteomics of CTRs and other GPI (glycosylphosphatidylinositol)-anchored proteins present in the midgut microvilli of the agricultural pest Spodoptera frugiperda. As a secondary goal, the same approach will be used for obtaining the structure of glycans present in mucin-like proteins of Spodoptera frugiperda midgut, opening the doors for comparisons between insect and human mucins, since the latter may be used for biotechnological purpose such as biomaterial coating. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
FUZITA, FELIPE JUN; CHANDLER, KEVIN BROWN; HASERICK, JOHN R.; TERRA, WALTER R.; FERREIRA, CLELIA; COSTELLO, CATHERINE E. N-glycosylation in Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) midgut membrane-bound glycoproteins. COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY B-BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, v. 246-24, AUG-SEP 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.