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Observations of cloud lifecycle changes in Amazonia and their impacts on radiative budget

Grant number: 16/12342-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2016
Effective date (End): October 31, 2017
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences - Meteorology
Principal researcher:Maria Assunção Faus da Silva Dias
Grantee:Elisa Thome Sena
Home Institution: Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas (IAG). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:13/05014-0 - GoAmazon: interactions of the urban plume of Manaus with biogenic forest emissions in Amazonia, AP.PFPMCG.TEM


Amazonia is a key environment for the global climate, controlling the water cycle and transport of heat and moisture from the tropics to temperate zones in South America. With agricultural and livestock expansion, this delicate ecosystem has undergone severe changes in recent decades, with strong implications for the hydrological and energy cycle. In this work, we aim to understand how changes in the Amazon ecosystem, due to deforestation and forest fires, modify cloud life cycle and the radiative balance of the region. We will also assess the contribution of sea surface temperature and soil temperature changes, associated with the increase of greenhouse gases, for the development of clouds. These are some of the main challenges in the cloud study, circulation and climate sensitivity, according to the WCRP (World Climate Research Programme).Nearly 30 years of simultaneous observations from several platforms and meteorological reanalysis data will be analyzed to investigate the complex interactions between clouds, surface, aerosol, meteorology and radiation. Multivariate statistical analysis and radiative transfer models will be used to help us identify the role of each climate component for the convection and radiation cycles. For the first time, long-term observations will be used to investigate the association between clouds cycle and radiation in the Amazon Basin. The results obtained in this project could be used to improve climate models, helping us move towards the understanding of the processes involved in cloud formation and development in Amazonia. The scientific objectives proposed in this work are part of FAPESP's thematic project GoAmazon (2013/05014-0).

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SENA, ELISA T.; SILVA DIAS, M. A. F.; CARVALHO, L. M. V.; SILVA DIAS, P. L.. Reduced Wet-Season Length Detected by Satellite Retrievals of Cloudiness over Brazilian Amazonia: A New Methodology. Journal of Climate, v. 31, n. 24, p. 9941-9964, . (17/17047-0, 16/12342-1)

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