Advanced search
Start date
Betweenand

The phonon theory of liquid thermodynamics: a theoretical study of supercooled confined water in biological macromolecules

Grant number: 16/03921-8
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2016
Effective date (End): May 31, 2017
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Physics - Condensed Matter Physics
Principal researcher:Herculano da Silva Martinho
Grantee:Tatiana Cardoso e Bufalo
Home Institution: Centro de Ciências Naturais e Humanas (CCNH). Universidade Federal do ABC (UFABC). Ministério da Educação (Brasil). Santo André , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:11/19924-2 - Study and development of advanced novel materials: electronic, magnetic and nanostructured: an interdisciplinary approach, AP.TEM

Abstract

Strong experimental evidences and computer simulations suggest a liquid-liquid transition in the supercooled confined water in two differentamorphous states, low-density amorphous ice and high-density amorphous ice, connected by a first-order phase transition and foreseen as amorphous counterparts of low-density liquid and high-density liquid, respectively, being the main evidence to support the existence of a liquid-liquid transition and a second critical point of water. The theoretical description of the extensions beyond the critical point of water can be performed by two different approaches: the multiple Widom lines and the Frenkel line. The order parameter of a liquid-liquid transition is the boson peak, upon which in supercooled confined water tracks the Widom line determined by a dynamiccrossover transition, which can also be described by the Frenkel line. A similar phenomenon occurs in the dynamic transition of macromolecules or protein glass transition. The theoretical model for the specific heat of disordered solids based on a noncommutative space conceives the origin of the boson peak as the van Hove singularity and reaffirms the experimental suggestion that the increase in specific heat of glassy materials arises from new optical modes of very low frequency. This proposal intends to establish a theoretical connection between the multiple Widom lines and Frenkel line in the liquid-liquid phase transition of supercooled confined water in biological macromolecules, and the parallel development of the phonon theory of liquid thermodynamics in a noncommutative space.

News published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the scholarship:
Articles published in other media outlets (0 total):
More itemsLess items
VEICULO: TITULO (DATA)
VEICULO: TITULO (DATA)

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.