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Role of the phonon-phonon interactions in systems with high anharmonicity: the case of the biologically active hydrated aminoacids

Grant number: 11/09149-1
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2011
Effective date (End): September 30, 2014
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Physics - Condensed Matter Physics
Principal Investigator:Herculano da Silva Martinho
Grantee:Thamires Andrade Lima
Host Institution: Centro de Ciências Naturais e Humanas (CCNH). Universidade Federal do ABC (UFABC). Ministério da Educação (Brasil). Santo André , SP, Brazil


Two special dynamical transitions of universal character have been recently observed in macromolecules (lysozyme, myoglobin, bacteriorhodopsin, DNA, and RNA) at $T_{D}\sim 180 - 220$ K and $T^{*}\sim 100$ K. The first represents the threshold of biological activity and the transition from an anharmonic to harmonic dynamical regime of motion in hydrated biomolecules. The second represents the onset of a secondary harmonic characteristic behavior. Despite their relevance, a complete understanding of the nature of these transitions and their consequences for the bio-activity of the macromolecule is still lacking. Specifically one could cite as important open questions (i) the nature of the relaxation mechanisms evolved in the molecular interactions and their hydration dependence; (ii) the thermodynamic nature of the transitions; (iii) the dependence of $T_{D}$ and $T^{*}$ on the hydration level; (iv) role of the phonon-phonon interactions and relative contributions from intrinsic and extrinsic anharmonicites; (v) role of the local environment of the water site. The objective of the present project is contribute to elucidate the questions raised above having as system study the levogyre isomer (biologically-active) of the amino acids cysteine ($C_{3}H_{7}NO_{2}S$), cystine ($C_{6}H_{12}N_{2}O_{4}S_{2}$), proline ($C_{5}H_{9}NO_{2}$) and hydroxyproline ($C_{5}H_{9}NO_{3}$) with several hydration levels. The methodology will consist in study the temperature dependence ($10-300$ K) of the thermodynamic (specific heat), structural (X-Ray diffraction), and Raman-active phonon spectra aimed with computational simulations of the physical properties (DFT calculations).

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