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Chronic stress and adrenergic signaling in the progression of periapical periodontitis: a potential therapeutic target?

Grant number: 16/05821-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): December 01, 2016
Effective date (End): December 31, 2017
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Dentistry - Endodontics
Principal researcher:Marcia Carneiro Valera Garakis
Grantee:Rayana Duarte Khoury
Home Institution: Instituto de Ciência e Tecnologia (ICT). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de São José dos Campos. São José dos Campos , SP, Brazil

Abstract

This study will evaluate the importance of chronic stress (EC) in stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system and explore the pathogenic mechanisms underlying periapical lesions.Animal model of chronic stress and periapical lesion as well as cultured human fibroblasts will b eused. The expression of tyrosine hydroxylase, the ±1-adrenergic (±1-AR) and ²2-adrenergic (²2-AR) receptors will be evaluated. In addition, the human periodontal ligament fibroblasts will be stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to mimic the process of inflammation. The viability and the expression of ±1-AR and ²2-AR will be assessed after pre-treatment with the adrenergic receptors blockers: phentolamine/propranolol, both in vitro and in vivo. The data will be evaluated by descriptive and inferential statistical tests, according to data obtained, according to their distribution, with parametric or non-parametric tests. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
KHOURY, RAYANA DUARTE; PRADO, RENATA FALCHETE; MATOS, FELIPE DE SOUZA; DE MEIRELES, BRUNA RIBAS; DA ROSA CARDOSO, FLAVIA GOULART; DE OLIVEIRA, LUCIANE DIAS; TALGE CARVALHO, CLAUDIO ANTONIO; VALERA, MARCIA CARNEIRO. The influence of adrenergic blockade in rats with apical periodontitis under chronic stress conditions. ARCHIVES OF ORAL BIOLOGY, v. 110, . (16/05821-0, 16/04711-7)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
KHOURY, Rayana Duarte. O estresse crônico e a via de sinalização adrenérgica no desenvolvimento da lesão periapical. 2017. Master's Dissertation - Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Instituto de Ciência e Tecnologia. São José dos Campos São José dos Campos.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.