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Air pollution monitoring in the continuum cantareira-mantiqueira using bees and passive sampling

Grant number: 16/14737-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): December 01, 2016
Effective date (End): November 30, 2017
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Pharmacy
Principal Investigator:Maria Fernanda Hornos Carneiro
Grantee:Ana Carolina Coelho Fernandes
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto (FCFRP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Ribeirão Preto , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The region between Serra da Cantareira and Mantiqueira is a very important area in the Atlantic Forest in the State of São Paulo and is located next to the large São Paulo, which is known to have high levels of air pollutants. Such proximity and weather conditions may influence the quality of air in the Cantareira-Mantiqueira Continuous, causing impacts to fauna and flora. The study of bioindicators is an inexpensive, simple method that can assess the risk of exposure. This project aims to evaluate the feasibility of using Jataí bees (Angustula tetragonisca) as air quality indicator in 10 monitoring points located along the Continuous Cantareira-Mantiqueira, by determining the concentration of metals and chemical elements (such as lead, for example) in the tissues. In addition, is also aim to assess the nitrogen dioxide and ozone levels by passive sampling. This study will be relevant to the knowledge of the inherent risk considering air pollution in the region, its impact and relationship with ecological aspects of landscape in the continuous Cantareira-Mantiqueira. (AU)