The research analyses the exclusion of the category Care from the labour notions set forth in the Brazilian labour law and its role in creating barriers to women and men equality. Based on the observation of the existence of gender inequalities in the labour market nowadays and taking Care as a central nub to understand the exploitation and oppression relations to which women have constantly been subjected to, the proposal is to look at the labour law as an actor that interferes in this process, in a way that revisits its theoretical and fundamental categories, in order to test the hypothesis that the labour concept in labour law is masculine and exclusionary, increasing barriers to the process of promoting equality. From a gender perspective, the theoretical reflections on the labour law concept and their scope are based on the reflections of Care which have already been developed by the sociology of labour and feminist economics authors on the labour law theory and feminist legal theory fundamentals. The theoretical reflections, made in conjunction with a panorama about the insertion of Care and Care rights of the legal system, have empirical support in the historical and documentary analysis of the legislative process involving labour law rights related to Care - specifically the genesis of the Labour Code (CLT) and reform resulting from the enactment of the 1988 Brazilian Constitution - as well as in some interviews with women's and unions' movements and organizations which include Care on their mobilization agenda and articulate it with the growing demand for changes in the national legal framework.
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